HILTON PORTLAND-JAN. 6 — In its 22nd annual words of the year vote, with record attendance, the American Dialect Society voted “occupy” (verb, noun, and combining form referring to the Occupy protest movement) as the word of the year for 2011.
Presiding at the Jan. 6 voting session were ADS Executive Secretary Allan Metcalf of MacMurray College, and Ben Zimmer, chair of the New Words Committee of the American Dialect Society and executive producer of the Visual Thesaurus and Vocabulary.com. Zimmer is also a language columnist for the Boston Globe.
“It’s a very old word, but over the course of just a few months it took on another life and moved in new and unexpected directions, thanks to a national and global movement,” Zimmer said. “The movement itself was powered by the word.”
Word of the Year is interpreted in its broader sense as “vocabulary item”-not just words but phrases. The words or phrases do not have to be brand-new, but they have to be newly prominent or notable in the past year. The vote is the longest-running such vote anywhere, the only one not tied to commercial interests, and the word-of-the-year event up to which all others lead. It is fully informed by the members’ expertise in the study of words, but it is far from a solemn occasion. Members in the 122-year-old organization include linguists, lexicographers, etymologists, grammarians, historians, researchers, writers, authors, editors, professors, university students, and independent scholars. In conducting the vote, they act in fun and do not pretend to be officially inducting words into the English language. Instead they are highlighting that language change is normal, ongoing, and entertaining.
In a companion vote, sibling organization the American Name Society voted “Arab Spring” as Name of the Year for 2011 in its eighth annual name-of-the-year contest. It refers to popular political uprisings in Middle Eastern countries.
AMERICAN DIALECT SOCIETY VOTE TALLIES
The number after each nomination is the number of votes it received. Numbers separated by slash marks indicate a run-off. Voting totals for each category might not be identical because the number of voters might have changed for each category.
WORD OF THE YEAR
occupy – verb, noun, and combining form referring to the Occupy protest movement. 82/174 WINNER
FOMO – acronym for “Fear of Missing Out,” describing anxiety over being inundated by information on social media. 41/28
the 99%, 99 percenters – those held to be at a financial or political disadvantage to the top moneymakers, the one-percenters. 43/24
humblebrag – expression of false humility, especially by celebrities on Twitter. 30
job creator – a member of the top one-percent of moneymakers. 4
humblebrag – expression of false humility, especially by celebrities on Twitter. 87/121 WINNER
occupy – verb, noun, and combining form referring to the Occupy protest movement. 70/102
FOMO – acronym for “Fear of Missing Out,” describing anxiety over being inundated by information on social media. 25
tablet – lightweight portable computer with a touchscreen to input data. 30
Mellencamp – a woman who has aged out of being a “cougar” (after John Cougar Mellencamp). 103 WINNER
bunga bunga – name for sex parties allegedly involving former Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi. 21
kardash – unit of measurement consisting of 72 days, after the short-lived marriage of Kim Kardashian and Kris Humphries (coined by Weird Al Yankovic). 82
put a bird on it – to add artistic flair to something, usu. used ironically or humorously. 23
bi-winning – term used by Charlie Sheen to describe himself pridefully, dismissing accusations of being bipolar. 77/156 WINNER
amazeballs – slang form for “amazing.” 82/85
planking – posing for a photograph, esp. in a public place, with one’s body in a stiff, prone position, for circulation online. 13
Qwikster : short-lived Netflix spinoff of its DVD rental service, separated from its streaming. 44
assholocracy – rule by obnoxious multi-millionaires. 166 WINNER
deather – one who doubts the official story of the killing of Osama bin Laden. 35
botoxionist – a doctor who administers Botox injections. 1
job creator – a member of the top one-percent of moneymakers. 111 WINNER
artisan, artisanal – faux-fancy term used to describe food and other products. 78
regime alteration – alternative to “regime change” promoted by Obama administration in some Middle Eastern countries. 19
sugar-coated Satan sandwich : something bad on the inside that looks good on the outside, as used by Missouri U.S Congressman Emanuel Cleaver. 1
MOST LIKELY TO SUCCEED
cloud – online space for the large-scale processing and storage of data. 155 WINNER
Arab Spring – a series of popular uprisings in Middle Eastern countries against dictatorial regimes. 54
tiger mom, tiger mother – an exceedingly strict parent (after Amy Chua’s memoir, “Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother”).
LEAST LIKELY TO SUCCEED
brony – adult male fan of the “My Little Pony” cartoon franchise. 103 WINNER
Tebowing – posing for photograph praying on one knee, after Denver Broncos quarterback Tim Tebow. 47
9-9-9 – tax plan proposed by Herman Cain (9% business tax, 9% personal income tax, 9% federal sales tax). 65
OCCUPY WORDS (new category)
the 99%, 99 percenters – those held to be at a financial or political disadvantage to the top moneymakers, the one-percenters. n-percenters, n-percent. 219 WINNER
occupy – verb, noun, and combining form referring to the Occupy protest movement. 17
people’s mic, human microphone – method of amplifying a person’s speech by having surrounding people repeat it line by line 7
twinkling – system of wiggly hand gestures to register approval or disapproval. 9