Date: Wed, 13 Sep 1995 10:39:50 CDT From: "Donald M. Lance" Subject: Re: Pronounciation of Oxymoron -Reply Yes, Sali, clearly constructs such as 'dialect' are real, as are observable patterns of behavior of all sorts. Individuals have neurons that do something physical when they speak, as well as when they understand language. That's the "reality" I was referring to. One's concept of a neuron may be a construct, but a neuron is a concrete physical entity. Likewise the size and contour of the vocal tract is "real" and surely plays a part in the production of speech -- as well as the musculature in the chest and larynx that is activated as syllables are produced. The "reality of the phoneme" is another instance of something that is real, though probably with no single, specifiable physical locus. Here I'm thinking of the 1920s or 30s article (by Sapir?). DMLance