Date: Mon, 31 Oct 1994 10:26:32 EST From: "Betty S. Phillips" Subject: Re: needs+pp I will add my anecdote about needs + pp. As a graduate student at UGA, I had a professor point out that needs + V-ing was the Southern usage, not needs + pp. They both sounded OK to me--a native south Georgian. So I polled my brother and sister: "The car is dirty. It needs ______." Both insisted on "washing" and totally rejected "washed." Then I asked my Wisconsin mother (Platteville, to be specific). She replied with "washed." I could only conclude that I must have been more influenced by my mother's dialect than they had been. A parent's dialect can indeed make a difference. Betty Phillips Eng. Dept. Indiana State U. Terre Haute, IN 47809