Date: Fri, 7 Oct 1994 10:17:16 -0400 From: "William A. Kretzschmar, Jr." Subject: Re: -"had" Constructions On Fri, 7 Oct 1994, Bruce Southard wrote: > [A.] "She had her purse stolen last night." I analyzed the function as > that of objective complement, but then started thinking about similar > constructions: > 1. I had my house painted last year. > 2. The secret police had the politician jailed until last week. I think these are essentially parallel in structure, with `have' used as a factitive verb. The "causation" that we see in (1) and (2) is a "semantic" feature added to the grammatical relationship invoked by use of `have' as a factitive. I.e., in (1), we see that `house' and `painted' are set into a linking relationship by the factitive verb; in a separate clause the linking would be invoked by a form of `to be' as "house was painted". The same is true in the target sentence [A]: `purse' and `stolen' have been set in a linking relationship by the factitive verb. The only difference between [A] and (1) or (2) is the semantic role of the grammatical subject of the sentence; in [A] there is no causal role toward the factitive relationship, while in (1) and (2) there is. One might say that when `have' is used as a factitive verb, it may or may not semantically include causality; other factitive verbs are sematically more explicitly causal, like `elect' or `make'. Regards, Bill ****************************************************************************** Bill Kretzschmar Phone: 706-542-2246 Dept. of English FAX: 706-542-2181 University of Georgia Internet: billk[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE] Athens, GA 30602-6205 Bitnet: wakjengl[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]uga