Date: Fri, 14 Nov 1997 20:54:02 -0500 From: "Barry A. Popik" Subject: VETERANS DAY SPECIAL: Civil War CIVIL WAR This is from the New York World, 23 July 1898, pg. 3, col. 5: "CIVIL WAR BETWEEN THE STATES." Confederate Veterans Object to "War of the Rebellion"--Honors for Miss Winnie Davis. ATLANTA. July 22.--(...) the convention of United Confederate Veterans. (...) By unanimous vote it was decided to condemn the expression "War of the rebellion" being applied to the struggle of 1861-65, and to urge the designation of it as the "Civil war between the States." ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ --------------------------------------------- THE CONFEDERATE STATES This is from the Daily Telegraph (Macon, Georgia), 18 February 1861, pg. 1, col. 4: "THE CONFEDERATE STATES." "The name is a good one, and means the same thing the old one did. Confederate means United, and hence, though a different word is used, the name is the same in meaning as that of the old government,"--_Griffin Union_. There is a very important difference in the meaning of the terms _"united"_ and _"confederate,"_ which it is desirable should be pointed out and understood. We believe, if the name of the late Republic had been "Confederate States" and not "_United_ States," the intestine quarrels to which she fell a victim would in great part have been avoided, and the country remained at peace. It was the misfortune of the terms "Union" and "_United_ States," that they conveyed to the Northern mind an idea, sedulously encouraged by their politicians from first to last, that the country was literally a _unit_, subordinate in every thing to a central power, to which it was responsible and amenable for every act of a political character. Hence, the Northern abolitionist became, in his own fancy, responsible for the existence or the extension of slavery, and held, as a corollary, that the Federal Government ought to prohibit both. This pretension would have never been set up to any great extent, if a just idea of the character of the government had been conveyed in its very name--if it had been called for example "The Confederate States"--_i. e._ Sovereign States (not _united_, merged into, cemented together, or compounded into one government or sovereignty), but leagued together in a compact or alliance for mutual support. There is about as much difference, then, between _"united"_ and _"confederate,"_ as there is between an egg nog and a fagot. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ --------------------------------------------- REBEL This is from the Intelligencer (Atlanta, Georgia), 19 December 1861, pg. 2, col. 2: One remarkable feature about Lincoln's late message is that he avoids altogether the word "rebel." He has discovered at last that Southern patriots rejoice to inherit the epithet applied to George Washington--"the first rebel." He now doses us with the designation of "insurgents." The coming generation will regard _that_ name equally honorable.