Date: Tue, 17 May 1994 16:30:52 -0400


Subject: Chickens

Those interested in problems of definition in the judicial process--or

just interested in chickens--might like to look at my 1991 article,

Humpty-Dumpty and the Law: Definitions in the Judicial Process (ASTM

Standardization News 19.12(Dec):52-55. In it I discuss problems suggested

by a 1960 court case, Frigaliment Importing Co. v. B.N.S. International

Sales Corp., 190 F. Supp. 16 (S.D. New York 1960). The question was, "What is

a chicken?" The context was a U.S. importer and a German exporter of

"chickens," which, according to U.S. plaintiff, meant a "young chicken," but

according to German defendant meant "any kind of chickens." My favorite

quotation (from an expert witness in the chicken industry): "Chicken is

everything except a goose, a duck, and a turkey." The case is a staple of

Contracts I courses--for very good reasons.