End of ADS-L Digest - 29 Mar 1998 to 30 Mar 1998


From: Automatic digest processor (3/30/98)
To: Recipients of ADS-L digests

ADS-L Digest - 28 Mar 1998 to 29 Mar 1998 98-03-30 00:00:14
There are 11 messages totalling 426 lines in this issue.

Topics of the day:

1. Windy City; Gooseberry; Greasers; Lynch; O. K.; Shyster
2. Think Different (3)
3. eddress=email address (3)
4. Lynch
5. RE Re: Think Different (2)
6. "Cool beans!"


Date: Sun, 29 Mar 1998 01:56:14 EST
Subject: Windy City; Gooseberry; Greasers; Lynch; O. K.; Shyster

I went to the Library of Congress on one of my famous Saturday sleep-
four-hours-on-a-Greyhound-bus runs. I was particularly looking for "Windy
City," "O.K.," and "shyster." I was successful on one of the three.


The RHHDAS has several entries for "gooseberry." For the meaning "a
fool," the earliest date is 1890. Other entries date from 1837.
This (I was really looking for--never mind!) is from the ILLINOIS
ADVOCATE (Vandalia, Ill.), 4 February 1835, pg. 1, col. 5:

_Berry-ology_.--At Shad_berry_, Massachusetts, Mr. Nehemiah Black _berry_
was married, on the 10th ult. to Miss Catharine Elder_berry_, of Dan_bury_, by
the Rev. Mr. Cran_berry_. We hope none of their descendants will ever prove
to be _gooseberrys_.--_N. Y. Sun_.


The movie GREASE is being re-released. I found several "greasers" in
1846 and 1847 (while looking for "shyster"). The RHHDAS has one 1836 cite
before 1846.

1 December 1846, CHICAGO DEMOCRAT, pg. 2, col. 4.
"GOV. KEARNEY'S ADDRESS TO THE SANTA FE-IANS. Yellow skins, Greasers, or
what you call yourselves--Mexicans you have ceased to be..."

18 May 1847, CHICAGO DEMOCRAT, pg. 2, col. 2.
A poem has the lines "He lays the'Greasers' on quite tasty" and "The
'Greasers' run with a wild stampede." A letter in the same column reads, "I
was within ten steps of the '_greasers_,' as the Mexicans are called..."

23 January 1847, CHICAGO DEMOCRAT, pg. 4, col. 3.
Seven kinds of Mexican (or "Greaser") are shown in _The Mixed Breeds of
1. Europeans, called Chapetores or Gopuchins.
2. Creoles, or native whites of European extraction.
3. Mestizzos, the offspring of whites and Indians.
4. Mulattoes, the offspring of whites and negroes, with their various
5. Aboriginal Indians, a lazy, good natured race, constituting a third of the
6. African negroes, and their descendants, considered as good as the best in
that country.
7. Zamboes, or Chinoes, the offspring of negroes and Indians, about the
meanest race on God's earth. (Language in original--ed.)


The RHHDAS has 1835 as the earliest cite and mentions a paper by Mitford
Mathews; the OED has earlier citations and a key paper was written by ALBERT
In the ILLINOIS ADVOCATE (Vandalia, Ill.) of 1835, "lynch" was cited from
the Boston Daily Advertiser, the Boston Post, and the Boston Statesman. The
Boston newspapers of October-December 1835 should help us with a mother lode,
but that's a project for a Boston trip of another day.
AMERICA IN SO MANY WORDS has "lynch law" as the word-of-the-year for 1780.
On page 85, it's written that "lynchings took place in every part of the
country except New England."


FIRST APPROACH: I tried a new approach to "O.K.," but it was not
successful. I looked up the Boston Post (I had previously checked the Boston
Globe and Boston Transcript in the NYPL) for February-June 1875 (the "spelling
bee" year). I found many spelling "matches"--and a "Spelling Bee" on 22 March
1875, pg. 1, col. 9--but no references to Andrew Jackson's spelling or "O. K."
(as in the Pittsburgh article).
SECOND APPROACH: There was a Sunday question and answers column that ran
in the Louisville Courier-Journal. I've gone through many years of many such
columns (in the Brooklyn Eagle, the NY Sun, the Boston Transcript, the San
Francisco Call) and have found many, many unhelpful "O. K." queries.
Louisville C-J editor Henry Watterson probably knew Boston Post editor Charles
Gordon Greene, so the Louisville "O. K." Q&A might be different. However, the
NYPL doesn't have the Louisville Courier-Journal, and my search time in DC is
very limited.


There's a "shyster" in the CHICAGO DEMOCRAT, but I haven't found it.
To follow up on the "shyster" citation posted here recently, I requested
the DEMOCRAT from 1846-1849. The Library of Congress didn't have it on film,
and had no volumes at all from 1848-1849. I read through what it had from
October 1846-November 1847.
Several articles made fun of lawyers (13 October 1846, pg. 3, col. 3 is an
example), but the DEMOCRAT called them "pettifoggers" at this time.


Our first citation is now the LOUISVILLE COURIER-JOURNAL, 10 January 1886,
pg. 4, col. 5:

All Kinds of Weather Render Life
Disagreeable in Chicago.
CHICAGO, Jan. 9.--A strong wind is blowing throughout Northern Illinois,
drifting the snow badly, but the cold is not so intense as that which has
prevailed West and North. (...)

The story below from Boston is headed "ON THE WATER."
This is, perhaps, Henry Watterson's and the Louisville Courier-Journal's
first use of "Windy City"--from a January 1886 windstorm. I have to check
more issues of the newspaper and to recheck the storm in the Chicago papers,
but this could be it.
It made my day.