End of ADS-L Digest - 8 Jun 1996 to 9 Jun 1996 ********************************************** There are 2 messages totalling 157 lines in this issue. Topics of the day: 1. Electronic copyright 2. Packy revisited ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Date: Mon, 10 Jun 1996 12:25:56 -0400 From: Allan Metcalf Subject: Electronic copyright You might be interested in this report on copyright proposals for electronic materials. It came from Douglas Bennett, vice president of the American Council of Learned Societies. If you have questions, you can address him at: doug[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]acls.org - Allan Metcalf ------------------------------------ For those interested in copyright matters, here's a brief summary of the May 30 meeting of the Conference on Fair Use (CONFU). Over the winter and spring, six working groups have been preparing draft guidelines in various areas for copyright fair use in digital environments. May 30 was the first meeting of the full group in several months. It was an important opportunity for taking stock of where we are, and for identifying some issues of consistency among the various sets of draft guidelines. 1. The group reaffirmed that we are working towards a November finishing date. The next meeting of the full group will be in early September. The small working groups will meet as needed over the summer. 2. The group approved the final text of a letter to Congress stating that we are making progress and also indicating when we expect to finish. In testimony this spring, CONFU had been depicted as disorganized and unlikely to produce anything, and the group as a whole wanted to correct that misimpression. 3. Even though CONFU is making progress and has set November for the expected completion, it is not yet clear that CONFU will produce guidelines that can win wide acceptance. There is a separate story to be told about each of the six areas (see below). Also, not everyone agrees that arriving at guidelines would in general be a good thing. A major thread in the May 30 discussion was how to word a common preamble for all the guidelines; this discussion turned very much on whether the guidelines should be seen as maxima or minima in terms of what users can expect to do with copyrighted materials. 4. Here's a brief (and no doubt idiosyncratic) summary of the progress of each working group. Multimedia. Work in this area has been led by Ivan Bender and Lisa Livingstone of CCUMC, the Consortium of College and University Media Centers. Their work began even before CONFU, so these guidelines are the most fully developed. They focus mostly on educational rather than scholarly uses. A key feature of these draft guidelines is that they include fairly strict 'portion limitations' on how much of a piece of music or a moving image (etc.) could be used under fair use. Image archives. A first effort at writing guidelines was abandoned by many participants as unproductive, and a new small group took shape around Christmas, with Pat Williams of the American Association of Museums is serving as convenor. This group has been meeting frequently since then and has made significant progress. Originally focused on images for art history, these guidelines now any broader scope to include (for example) medical images. A key feature of these draft guidelines is a parsing of the problem into two parts: (a) what could be done under fair use in terms of digitizing and using current images currently held, such as those in slide libraries, and (b) what might be fair use of images originally aquired in digital form. E-Reserves. For a time no progress was made on this topic, commercial publishers holding that there could be no legitimate digital version of a 'reserve room.' A group of representatives from a range of not-for-profit organizations then began meeting and has developed a complete draft. The American Association of Publishers (AAP) has indicated that this draft is unacceptable, and (from the other side) the Association of Research Libraries has identified some concerns that will be discussed in July. Several other library organizations have indicated their comfort with the draft, as have the Association of American University Presses and the American Council of Learned Societies. Kenny Crews of the Indiana Partnership for Statewide Education is the convenor. The group will collect comments through the end of July and then see whether to undertake any revision. Inter-library loan and document delivery. In addition to the fair use provisions (section 107), there are specific provisions of the copyright law (section 108) which pertain to interlibrary loan. In this area, too, there was an extended period where little progress was made, particularly as the discussion stayed very close to the current interlibrary loan practices. In early May, AAP put forward a new, paradigm-breaking proposal. Later in May, a representatives of libraries met to formulate a counter proposal, also paradigm breaking. Time will tell if anything can come of these new ideas. There is one area of agreement: that it is premature to speak of guidelines for digital delivery of digital originals; the current discussion is about digital delivery of analog documents (fax, Ariel, etc.). Mary Jackson of ARL is serving as convenor. Distance learning. Guidelines for distance learning need to take account of section 110 of the copyright law as well as the fair use provisions. Under the direction of Lolly Gassaway (Association of American Universities), this group divided distance learning into two kinds. A draft has been completed covering fair use in 'traditional distance learning,' using, for example, satellite transmission or statewide cable networks. Barely broached is the question of what guidelines might be appropriate for the next generation of distance learning, using computer networks and individual student workstations for digital delivery and receipt of materials. Software use in libraries. There was an early agreement in this area not to write guidelines but rather only to write scenarios. There is a close-to-final draft which has been the work of Mark Traphagen (Software Publishers Assoc.) and Sally Wiant (Special Libraries Assoc.). Music materials. A group met in April to consider whether there should be guidelines for the fair use of music materials in degital environments. They decided that current guidelines (formulated in the 1970s) were sufficient.