End of ADS-L Digest - 18 Jun 1995 to 19 Jun 1995 ************************************************ There are 7 messages totalling 191 lines in this issue. Topics of the day: 1. Maps (2) 2. Semester System Requirements 3. Hot as toffit (fwd) (2) 4. S-W Va. Blue Ridge dialect 5. Hot as toffit ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Date: Tue, 20 Jun 1995 09:44:55 -0400 From: "William A. Kretzschmar, Jr." Subject: Re: Maps I am not aware of any recent attempts to draw a New York City dialect area. Carver's 1987 *American Regional Dialects* (with DARE evidence from the 70s) doesn't do it, but does mention Metro New York in several places. Labov has treated New York as a dialect in his work on modern urban sound change (his *Principles of Linguistic Change*, Blackwell 1994, will give pretty comprehensive references). Aside from those two, studies I know come from before the 1960s. Whether or not Bayonne, NJ, belongs to a putative NYC dialect or not seems to me to ask for sharp boundaries where none are to be expected. The entire NYC-Philadelphia corridor seems to be pretty heavily populated with people who work in either NYC or Philadelphia, so one might expect heavy influences from the big cities throughout the region (of course more influences the closer one is to either city). The expectation that any nameable community has its own speech is quite natural, and probably demonstrable if it were possible to do an intensive study of each such place. However, as soon as we get to comparisons between places, we are in the realm of frequencies, of how much one place resembles or differs from another within the larger category of American English, or within the even larger category of English speakers. The notion that different places are really separate from each other within such a broader context is a chimera. We believe that separately nameable places should have "different" speech, but the belief does not make it so. Certainly there will be some differences in the frequency of certain linguistic characteristics, and there may even be some rare qualitatively distinguishing features---but these don't make for good boundaries. Regards, Bill ****************************************************************************** Bill Kretzschmar Phone: 706-542-2246 Dept. of English FAX: 706-542-2181 University of Georgia Internet: billk[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]hyde.park.uga.edu Athens, GA 30602-6205 Bitnet: wakjengl[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]uga