Date: Thu, 30 Jun 1994 18:04:15 CST From: salikoko mufwene Subject: Re: Double modals in Utah In Message Fri, 1 Jul 1994 06:42:00 +1200, "George Halliday 09483-9039" writes: >Need as a modal > >Grammatically modals are marked by their morphology - one feature of >which is the lack of the -s 3rd person marker so needs doesn't look >like a modal here. How do you handle "modal" uses of "be," as in "He is/was to come" and of "have," as in "She has to go?" Or should we treat these as "exceptions?" Does the alternation "He need not consider such examples"/"He does not need to consider ..." bear on your conclusion? I assume the part of your statement before the morphological evidence from English is only about English. Sali. Salikoko S. Mufwene Linguistics, U. of Chicago s-mufwene[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE] 312-702-8531