Date: Thu, 30 Jun 1994 10:27:22 GMT+1200 From: Tim Behrend Subject: Re: Double modals in Utah One double modal that Keith Russel has certainly heard on numerous occassions is found in a frequently quoted LDS scripture, from the Book of Mormon, I think: "It must needs be that there is opposition in all things." I'm not sure of the wording, but it goes something along those lines. The important part is the -must needs- double modal. My recollection is that this locution is quite productive as a speech model in the formal register employed during sermons, lessons, and similar narrational situations. My sense is that this is true not only in Utah sub-dialects, but in LDS speech patterns around the country generally. Tim Behrend Asian Languages and Literatures University of Auckland