Date: Mon, 20 Jun 1994 17:38:30 -0500 From: mftcf[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]UXA.ECN.BGU.EDU Subject: Re: needs + p.p. On Mon, 20 Jun 1994, Martha Howard wrote: > Tim Frazer, I read in PADS about your paper on needs + p.p. That usage > was one that really bothered my husband and me when we moved to WV from > Michigan. > Especially when one principal forwhom I worked (in 1950, WVU had a nepotism > rule which meant that I could not teach at the university since my husband > did. I ended up for six years teaching in ajunior high) I'm glad we're rid of those. June and i left Millikin U because they had one & we got married. told me that my > students" lockers needed cleaned. Then we heard our son remark that his > hair needed washed. After both his parents exploded, much to the poor child's > amazement, it is a wonder he ever washed his hair again. During the teen year > I wasn't sure he did. He always wore a baseball cap! Back to the point. In > trying to figure out where the usage came from, I isolated it (then) to sw > Pa., WV, and areas influenced by Pennsylvania Dutch. In German, the verbe > for need--brauchen--is one that does not take the infinitive after it--it > takes the past participle. Therefore, I decided in my infinite wisdom that > the usage was a transferral of German grammar to > English. How's that for what Marckwardt taught us was "folk" etymology! There's been a lot of debate over the German vs. Scotch origin of Midland dialect forms. After Kurath said that "the cat wants in" etc. was from German, someone--I can't remember who--countered pretty convincingly that it had to be Scotch irish. Anyone remember that article? > Probably no validity to it at all, but it does sound logical, somehow. Wish > I could be in Chicago to hear your paper. Occasionally, I get homesick for the > Midwest, esp. Chicago, where I was born. Next best thing is to get a copy of the paper from MMLA (Midwest Modern Language Association); I think the address is in the Newsletter. Al the papers for that conference are distributed out in advance. If you can't get one well send you one next fall.