Date: Fri, 2 Jun 1995 15:44:40 -0500

From: Cynthia Bernstein bernscy[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]MAIL.AUBURN.EDU

Subject: Re: variants: markers, indexes, stereotypes?


You'll find what you want on pp. 237 ff. in _Sociolinguistic Patterns_.

Cindy Bernstein

On Fri, 2 Jun 1995, Timothy C. Frazer wrote:

Somewhere, Labov classes variants in the following ways, tho my memory is


1. Those that are not perceived by the community but are detectable as

variants by objective oberservation.

2. Those that people respond to on something like a subjective reaction

test but can't describe (?)

3. Those that people are overtly aware of, and can, say, imitate.

I seem to recall that there are names for these: markers, indexes,


I thought this was in Sociolinguistic Patterns, 1972, but I can't find it.

CAn anyone help to correct my imperfect memory and also tell me where to

find it? I need this today! I'll come back online this afternoon.

Tim Frazer