Date: Fri, 2 Jun 1995 07:51:01 -0500

From: "Timothy C. Frazer" mftcf[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]UXA.ECN.BGU.EDU

Subject: Re: variants: markers, indexes, stereotypes?

Somewhere, Labov classes variants in the following ways, tho my memory is


1. Those that are not perceived by the community but are detectable as

variants by objective oberservation.

2. Those that people respond to on something like a subjective reaction

test but can't describe (?)

3. Those that people are overtly aware of, and can, say, imitate.

I seem to recall that there are names for these: markers, indexes,


I thought this was in Sociolinguistic Patterns, 1972, but I can't find it.

CAn anyone help to correct my imperfect memory and also tell me where to

find it? I need this today! I'll come back online this afternoon.

Tim Frazer