Date: Thu, 30 Jun 1994 18:04:15 CST
From: salikoko mufwene mufw[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]MIDWAY.UCHICAGO.EDU
Subject: Re: Double modals in Utah
In Message Fri, 1 Jul 1994 06:42:00 +1200,
"George Halliday 09483-9039" HALLIDAYG[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]schools.minedu.govt.nz writes:
Need as a modal
Grammatically modals are marked by their morphology - one feature of
which is the lack of the -s 3rd person marker so needs doesn't look
like a modal here.
How do you handle "modal" uses of "be," as in "He is/was to come" and of
"have," as in "She has to go?" Or should we treat these as "exceptions?"
Does the alternation "He need not consider such examples"/"He does not
need to consider ..." bear on your conclusion?
I assume the part of your statement before the morphological evidence from
English is only about English.
Salikoko S. Mufwene
Linguistics, U. of Chicago
s-mufwene[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]uchicago.edu