Date: Sun, 3 Jul 1994 12:30:20 CST From: salikoko mufwene Subject: Re: Double modals in Utah In Message Sat, 2 Jul 1994 15:27:24 CDT, "Donald M. Lance" writes: >The way to check for 'modal status' is to see whether the verb would be >used in the indicative mood with no -s when the subject is 'he'. > George has said many things about modals. > ?Need he say more? > ?He need say no more. > ?He dare not repeat the threat to be unresponsive. > */?Dare he refuse to answer Sali's question? > >Any sentence frame with a subject other than third person singular will not >serve as a good test for 'modal status' of the auxiliary. And the frame must >not be subjunctive. 'Dare' and 'need' act like modals only in rather >limited senses/situations. So would you say they are regular verbs with limited modal uses, or would you charaterize them as modal verbs with idiosyncratic regular verb characteristics, or would you consider the alternative that function rather than form determines whether or not a verb is modal? Sali. Salikoko S. Mufwene Linguistics, U. of Chicago s-mufwene[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE] 312-702-8531