End of ADS-L Digest - 30 Jun 1994 to 1 Jul 1994 *********************************************** There are 3 messages totalling 56 lines in this issue. Topics of the day: 1. Double modals in Utah (3) ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Date: Sat, 2 Jul 1994 15:27:24 CDT From: "Donald M. Lance" Subject: Re: Double modals in Utah The way to check for 'modal status' is to see whether the verb would be used in the indicative mood with no -s when the subject is 'he'. George has said many things about modals. ?Need he say more? ?He need say no more. ?He dare not repeat the threat to be unresponsive. */?Dare he refuse to answer Sali's question? Any sentence frame with a subject other than third person singular will not serve as a good test for 'modal status' of the auxiliary. And the frame must not be subjunctive. 'Dare' and 'need' act like modals only in rather limited senses/situations. DMLance