Date: Sun, 3 Jul 1994 23:58:02 CDT
From: "Donald M. Lance" ENGDL[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]MIZZOU1.BITNET
Subject: Re: Double modals in Utah
Re Salikoko Mufwene's question about 'dare' and 'need. --
These verbs, it seems to me, have somewhat different senses as "modals" and
as regular verbs. Whether we have the regular verbs 'dare' and 'need' that
are occasionally used as modals, or vice versa, depends on the type of
bondage in one's theory. Contemporary speakers who use these verbs as
modals would do so only in certain (formal) registers, so theories that
ignore register (e.g., traditional grammar; strict structuralism; generative
rules) have no way of providing a satisfying answer to Sali's question.
Sali offered two options: "regular verbs with limited modal uses" and "modal
verbs with idiosyncratic regular verb characteristics." The former.
I don't feel a strong need to solve this "problem," because of the age of
speakers who use 'dare' and 'need'as quasi-modals -- but it is an interesting