Date: Thu, 12 Jan 1995 21:22:15 EST From: Larry Horn Subject: Re: Brick reality and language i Actually when I cover retronyms in my Words and Meaning class, I always do include a discussion of doubles as well (e.g. a "wood wood" in golf, "cheese cheese" as opposed to mock, etc.). The term retronym (for such early examples as "analog watch" and "acoustic guitar", although one of my favorites has always been "biological mother", not to mention "true freshman", for you football fans out there) was one that I first came across in Bill Safire's columns, and he credits Frank Mankiewicz. Doubles are discussed extensively in work by Nancy Dray, a graduate student who's working on a dissertation analyzing her collection of them. I recommend the gathering of both retronyms and doubles as a particularly fruitful exercise for undergraduates. Doubles here include not only the retronymic varieties like those above, but the full range--the salad salads, the dog dogs, the beer beer (as in the recent Coors commercial, and the mind-altering minimal pair [from Dray] We're just LIVING together living together. Oh, we're not LIVING together living together. --which of course refer to exactly the same (purported) state of affairs. Larry