End of ADS-L Digest - 2 Feb 1995 to 3 Feb 1995 ********************************************** There are 7 messages totalling 151 lines in this issue. Topics of the day: 1. "and them" 2. 3 Lexicographic Queries (2) 3. ADS-L Digest - 2 Feb 1995 to 3 Feb 1995 (3) 4. ProcessEEZ ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Date: Sat, 4 Feb 1995 01:40:06 CST From: "Donald M. Lance" Subject: Re: "and them" The [D] in "an' nem" isn't "lost" in Southern speech (maybe Midland as well as Southern). My production of the phrase tells me it goes like this: and them --> an' them (quite regular loss of -d in English dialects) an' them --> an-nem (regressive positional and manner assimilation) an-nem --> a-nem (simplification of [n-n] cluster) My Sprachgefuel tells me that in the last of these (ordered) rules it's the onset of the "long [n]" that is "lost". In "right there" the first of the ordered rules to apply is glottalization of the -t in "right", then glottal stop, then "loss" of the glottal stop. The energy level in the production is stronger in [nen] and [dDEr] than in the initial syllable of the phrase, so what's "lost" is in the weaker element. For me: (D = "eth"; ae = low front vowel) right there --> rai't Daer (glottalization) (I produce an "ash" rather than "eh" in 'there' and 'hair' and others in this set. Those of you who've participated in the historical merger of /E/ and /ae/ before /r/ will have the "eh" vowel here) rai't D[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]r --> ria?-Daer (apical articulation suppressed, leaving glottal stop or (sometimes one way, sometimes the other) rai't D[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]e --> rai?-dDaer(voiced fricative becomes an affricate: [d] with an "eth" release rai?-Daer/ rai?-dDaer--> rai-Daer (weakening articulation of glottal stop in weakly stressed "right") These rules are "ordered" in two senses. The sequence in the list here goes from "most careful" speech to rapid speech (not just formality). And the sequence underlies the structuralist ordered rules that generate the final form in the list. Ordered in the sense of SPE application of all feature applications occurring at once in the process of generating the phonetic form. This is in response to David Johns' observation/claim about "the loss of [D] in 'them'" I agree with David on the more general use of [AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]n-nem to indicate "X and whoever else" / "X and everwho else" DMLance