Date: Fri, 25 Feb 1994 09:52:39 -0800 From: David Harnick-Shapiro Subject: Re: Phonetic/Phonemic E-Mail Alphabet On Thu, 24 Feb 1994 10:27:04 EST, Wayne Glowka writes: > Since I just succeeded in getting into this group about twenty-four hours > ago, I am ignorant of practice and protocol, but I have noticed a problem > with transcription of ash, schwa, etc. Has anyone established a handy set > of qwerty phonetic/phonemic symbols for general use? I've included some replies to this question from times past (back when the sci.lang newsgroup could actually be used :-) Back then, Klatt's system was leading the pack; the references to other systems may be of greater interest today. ------- Forwarded Messages From: zacharsk[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE] (Ronald Zacharski) Newsgroups: sci.lang Subject: Re: ASCII Version of IPA??? Message-ID: <1990Aug10.184647.22476[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]> Date: 10 Aug 90 18:46:47 GMT Organization: University of Minnesota, Minneapolis - CSCI Dept. Klatt, Dennis H. Review of text-to-speech conversion for English. J.Acoust.Soc.Am 82(3):737-793. describes 2 transcription systems. One is case insensitive and requires one or two characters per symbol. Klatt states this system is "nearly identical to ARPAbet" The other system is a case sensitive one character system. Here's the chart from that article. system 2 ch 1 ch example - ---------------------- IY i beet IH I bit EY e bait EH E bet AE [AT SYMBOL GOES HERE] bat AA a pot AO c bought AH ^ but OW o boat UH U book UW u boot RR r Bert AY A bite OY O boy AW W bout YU Y Butte AX x about IX | nieces P p pet B b bet T t tet D d debt K k kit G g get CH C Chet JH J jet M m met N n net NX G sang F f fed V v vet TH t thin DH D this S s set Z z zero SH S shed ZH Z azure W w wet YX y yet R r red L l let HX h head EN N button EL L bottle _ _ silence "phoneme" " Ron Zacharski University of Minnesota ------- Message 2 From: zwicky[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE] Newsgroups: sci.lang Subject: IPA and ASCII Message-ID: <32551[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]> Date: 10 Aug 90 18:46:40 GMT Organization: SRI International, Menlo Park, CA 94025 This seems to be a question I've adopted... Actual IPA-ASCII mapping standards don't exist, partly because ASCII doesn't have enough bits in it, unless you use digraphs for what are single characters in IPA. However, there is an existing standard for the ASCII transliteration of *phonemic* transcription of *English*, using one character per phoneme. (In a discussion one day about least job-relevant skills, I concluded that one of mine was the ability to transcribe into Klattese at my normal typing speed for English. This, along with the ability to tell you whether or not a piece of Code 39 barcode met the military spec, and if not why not, using a specially printed version of a jeweler's loupe, has atrophied over the years for obvious reasons.) a = the vowel in cot c = the vowel in caught [AT SYMBOL GOES HERE] = the vowel in cat e = the vowel in Kate E = the vowel in pet i = the vowel in Pete I = the vowel in kit o = the vowel in coat u = the vowel in coot U = the vowel in put ^ = the vowel in cut x = schwa b = the initial consonant in bat d = the initial consonant in date C = the initial consonant in chat D = the initial consonant in that f = the initial consonant in fat g = the initial consonant in gate h = the initial consonant in hat j = the initial consonant in jilt k = the initial consonant in cat l = the initial consonant in late m = the initial consonant in mat n = the initial consonant in Nate N = the final consonant in king p = the initial consonant in pat r = the initial consonant in rat s = the initial consonant in sat S = the initial consonant in, umm, shape t = the initial consonant in tat T = the initial consonant in thick v = the initial consonant in vat w = the initial consonant in wet y = the initial consonant in yak z = the initial consonant in Zach Z = the medial consonant in leisure DUs, DIs Iz taipd in kl[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]tiz, alDo nat [AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]t Enihwer nir Dx spid D[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]t ai yUzd tu bi aibxl tu aten, [AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]nd kwait pasIbli wiT Ercrz In Dx tr[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]nskripSxn (xb[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]ut hwIC ai du nat wiS tu bi Infcrmd). [AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]nd yEs, ai du rili tck laik DIs, haipxrkcrEkt Do It mei bi. One of the chief joys of knowing Klattese is that with only a few logical additions, one can pronounce most erratically capitalized words. (I assume, for instance, that X is a voiceless velar fricative). NeXT comes out very satisfactorily, although NeWS doesn't, really. Elizabeth ------- Message 3 From: jackson[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE] (Michel Jackson) Newsgroups: sci.lang Subject: Re: Does an ASCII version of the IPA exist? Summary: no such thing exists Message-ID: <312[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]> Date: 25 Feb 91 20:27:26 GMT Organization: The Ohio State University, Division of Speech and Hearing Science You have several choices: (i) IPA. 1989. "The IPA 1989 Kiel Convention Workgroup 9 report: Computer coding of IPA symbols and computer representations of individual languages", Journal of the International Phonetic Association v 19, n 2, pp 81-82. (ii) Recommended by the IPA: LaserIPA macintosh font from Linguist's Software, Box 580 Edmonds WA 98020-0580 (iii) Pullum, G. L. & Ladusaw, W. A. 1987. _Phonetic Symbol Guide_. Chiicago: University of Chicago Press. (iv) (Englsih only) the "ARPABET". see, e.g., Klatt, D. H. 1987. "Review of text-to-speech conversion for English", J. Acoustical Society America v. 82 n. 3, p. 737-793. See esp. p. 767-769. ---michel (jackson[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE], jackson[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE] ------- Message 4 From: ederveen[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE] Newsgroups: sci.lang Subject: Re: Does an ASCII version of the IPA exist? Summary: COST-CPA: ASCII version of IPA Keywords: IPA, CPA Message-ID: <1991Feb25.140631.65002[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]> Date: 25 Feb 91 13:06:31 GMT In article <4862[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]mindlink.UUCP>, Joel_Murray[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]mindlink.UUCP (Joel Murray) writes: > If an ASCII version of the IPA does exist could someone please e-mail the file > to me? There are several proposals for an ASCII version of the IPA. One of them is COST-CPA, as described in report EUR 12023 EN, European Research Project COST 209, Man-Machine Communication by Means of Speech Signals, page 236, by P. Molbaek-Hansen groeten / salutojn, Derk Ederveen - ------------- Kath. Universiteit, Nijmegen / PTT Research NT-TWS, Leidschendam - - NL ederveen[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE] D_Ederveen[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE] tel. +31/0 70 3323202 kunlt1::ederveen dnlts::ederveen ederveen[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]hlsdnl5.bitnet ** esperanto(Lingvo) :- neuxtrala(Lingvo), internacia(Lingvo), dua(Lingvo). ** ------- End of Forwarded Messages -------- David Harnick-Shapiro Internet: david[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE] Information and Computer Science UUCP: ...!{ucbvax,zardoz}!ucivax!david University of California, Irvine BITNet: DBSHAPIR[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]UCI