Date: Wed, 13 Dec 1995 13:39:28 -0800 From: "Alan S. Kaye" Subject: Proverbial Knowledge Part of communicative competence includes a knowledge of proverbs. Thus, many English speakers have heard the following proverb: "You pays your money and you takes your choice." This is listed in the Oxford Dictionary of Quotations, 3rd ed., 1979:9. Today I heard a variant of this from a native speaker in which the word "chances" occurred for "choice." How many have heard this version? Are there any other permutations with this proverb? Does anyone have other examples of proverbs with variations in English or in any other language? My theory is this. Proverbs are universal, and native speakers change them according to well-defined rules ("chances" is monosyllabic and begins with a voiceless affricate, etc.). I will post a summary of examples sent to me or the network + reasons/ explications of the phenomenon. Does anyone know of any research on this? --Alan Kaye-- Linguistics Calif. State Univ., Fullerton --- akaye[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]