End of ADS-L Digest - 27 Dec 1993 to 28 Dec 1993 ************************************************ There are 3 messages totalling 97 lines in this issue. Topics of the day: 1. modren metathesis (2) 2. Regional variation in BE ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Date: Wed, 29 Dec 1993 16:14:13 +0700 From: Gwyn Williams Subject: Re: modren metathesis On Sat, 25 Dec 1993 Rudy Troike wrote: >Distinguishing code-switching from borrowing becomes a major analytical and >methodological issue, with significant theoretical consequences. How are code-switching and borrowing distinguishable? Is it borrowing when a form is widespread within a speech community, ie, nativized, accepted as a native word? Is it code-switching when it is restricted to an individual or to a (bilingual) sector of a community? Is it a matter of stability? Can foreign borrowings be widely accepted and used within a community but still retain a foreign "flavour"? Is code-switching restricted to discourse between bilinguals, while loan words are used by all speakers? I ask because of what I see occurring with English in Thailand (hardly central to the concerns of this group, I admit ;-) ). Call it part of "World Englishes". One speaker, more conversant with English, may be very consciously using a word as an English word, another may be unaware that this same word originates from English. Gwyn Williams Thammasat University