Date: Sat, 25 Dec 1993 14:54:30 CST From: "Donald M. Lance" Subject: Re: modren metathesis It seems to me that style-shifting within a language is less likely to occur than code-switching in socially relaxed atmospheres in which the interlocutors have a very high degree of fluency in both languages and aren't strongly influenced by formality hang-ups. Someone with a school-marmish attitude toward language is less likely to code-switch than someone who "hangs loose" ("monolithism" at work). Style-shifting is driven by pragmatics, as is exo-sentential (I like Rudy's term here) code-switching, but the CS that I recorded and the CS I've heard on South Texas radio stations is occasionally but not always reference-driven. I've heard the CS on only a couple of stations; most of the verbal content in broadcasts is too formal for code- switching to be appropriate. DMLance