Date: Sun, 5 Dec 1993 16:17:07 -0600 From: mftcf[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]UXA.ECN.BGU.EDU Subject: Re: some U.S. "Midland" regionalisms? The strangeness of this form in Arizona does suggest some regional variation (2 responses; Don & Dan) ditto for NY. That's interesting since a couple of hundred student surveys I have done doesn't suggest any Northern-Midland contrast, unlike the results for NEEDS WASHED. But those of you who report some familiarity would suggest a Midland or a South-and-Midland distribution (Rudy, Dennis P, Don Lance). Maybe it IS Irish. On NEEDS WASHED: I agree with Rudy it could be German. The settlement history of this (ILL) area was heavily Pa & European German as well as Ohio. Tom Murray's Ohio maps in KQ (199o.4) suggest the form is spreading from Appalachia. My daughter (age 27) has lived in c. Ill. all o f her life and uses this form regularly -- she has done so at least since leaving high school & home & begun dating a local farmer. And then in this morning's (Dec 5) MACOMB JOURNAL, I read this headline: "Zoning changes need stopped." That's the second time this year the JOURNAL has printed this construction as part of a headline.