Date: Tue, 1 Dec 1992 00:05:00 CST
Subject: Royalties

TO: Authors of linguistics course texts and other knowledgeable parties:

What is the going rate for author's royalties and advances from major
commercial publishers for course texts in linguistics?

Please send me any information you have, anonymously if you like,
and I will summarize for the list if there is sufficient interest
(but will treat individual figures and their sources confidentially).

Please respond to one of the following:

Internet: robert-wachal AT
Phone: 319-335-0208
S/mail: R. S. Wachal, Dept. of Linguistics, Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City,
IA 52240-1408

Thanks, Bob.

Date: Tue, 1 Dec 1992 08:39:23 EST
From: Bill Kretzschmar
Subject: Re: Edgar's Address

The problem with Edgar Schneider's address is that the From: line on his
mail has got a bunch of front slashes and equal signs (also published that way
in NADS), which is probably a consequence of the way his mailer daemon in
Berlin works. Just dump all of that junk and write to the address that
John Kirk and Natalie have specified: schneider[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]

Bill Kretzschmar, UGA
Date: Wed, 2 Dec 1992 06:44:36 -0500
Subject: Reactions to biblio offer

Sorry about the confusion that I, or my electronic
address, seem to have caused. My own message came back in
quite a distorted fashion - if that`s the way
you received it, I better apologize. Anyway,
Natalie, I think I shoul d not try to ftp things,
whatever that may mean, or handle invisible
files; I better follow Sheila`s suggestion to
send the whole thing around, as this semms to work,
and you can just dump it if you are not interested.

Date: Wed, 2 Dec 1992 10:03:26 MST
From: Marianna Di Paolo
Subject: Re: Edgar's Address

>Could it be that some of you have been writing his address with the
>"at" spelled out the way he spelled it out above? Substitute [AT SYMBOL GOES HERE] for
>the "at" he wrote above, and I bet it will go through fine.

Although I don't want to turn this list into a "how-to-do-email"
tutorial by going much further with the topic of how to reach Edgar
Schneider, I can tell you that my problem was not that I typed "at"
instead of "[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]". I'm not a whiz at this, but I have acquired the basic
syntax of email addresses.

I would like to suggest that personal messages, requests for
materials, etc. go directly to the sender of the original message, as
they normally do in the LINGUIST list. When appropriate, the original
sender should be encouraged to post a summary. That way we have
fewer, but more substantial postings. To facilitate this we should
all include our names and email addresses at the end of each message.

Marianna Di Paolo

Date: Wed, 2 Dec 1992 11:50:25 -0800
Subject: Re: Edgar's Address

Re Natalie's message
I tried the internet address (after not being able to send the BITNET one)
exactly as given. It came back as undeliverable mail. SORRY and help!
--Alan Kaye, Ling., CSU, Fullerton, CA 92634--

Date: Wed, 2 Dec 1992 14:14:59 CST
From: Natalie Maynor
Subject: Re: Edgar's Address

> I tried the internet address (after not being able to send the BITNET one)
> exactly as given. It came back as undeliverable mail. SORRY and help!

Fortunately, the immediate problem has been solved now that Edgar has
posted the bibliography on the list. But I would recommend to those of
you who were not able to send Edgar direct mail that you let your systems
people know that you have sick mailers.
--Natalie (maynor[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]

Date: Wed, 2 Dec 1992 08:58:05 -0500
Subject: Biblio Ame

Edgar W. Schneider, Free University of Berlin
Writings on American and Canadian English: A Bibliography

(In particular, xx denotes inquiries / points of uncertainty!)
Reactions requested by the end of December, because after that date
my address will change.
Thanks, Edgar

This bibliography supplements and updates my earlier contribution to
Viereck, Schneider & Goerlach, A Bibliography of Writings on Varieties
of English, 1965-1983, Amsterdam 1984. Obviously, this relationship
explains the starting point of the period of coverage; more
precisely, it means that the present bibliography excludes titles
which are in the 1984 bibliography and, conversely, lists
publications of the early 1980s not referred to there. The search for
the present bibliography was terminated in the spring of 1993.

I order to maintain the compatibility and the complementary
function, the principles of inclusion and exclusion have largely
remained the same. The basic idea is to cover writings in the fields
of American dialectology and sociolinguistics, including mainly
data-oriented descriptive works but also contributions to the
history, the theory and methodology of both fields if they contain a
substantial amount of AmE data for illustration. Publications on
American English as such have been collected only if they relate to
distinctively American language features, but not if statments on
(general) English grammar just happen to have been illustrated with
American English material. Thus, for instance, studies based upon the
so-called "Brown corpus" are included if they explicitly contrast AmE
with, say, British English as represented by the LOB corpus, but not
if the focus is on some property of English in general. Writings on
bilingualism, language contact and language interference are included
unless they concentrate mainly upon the non-English language
involved. Publications on literary dialect, on bilingual education
and the language education of minority children, on modern and
historical lexicography and on slang and argot as well as reprints of
books have been included selectively. The bibliography does not list
reviews (except substantial review articles); reprints of articles;
unpublished manuscripts (except some items known to be in print at
the time of compilation) and papers read at conferences; onomastic
studies; discussions of language policy (such as the English only
movement); and writings in non-scholarly publications such as
newspapers. As was the case in 1984, information on Hawaii will have
to be looked for in Manfred Goerlach`s section of the book.

List of Abbreviations

AppL Applied Linguistics
AS American Speech
BACLA Bulletin de l'ACLA/Bulletin of the CAAL
CJL Canadian Journal of Linguistics
CMLR Canadian Modern Language Review
ET English Today
EWW English World-Wide
GURT Georgetown University Roundtable on Languages and Linguistics
IJSL International Journal of the Sociology of Language
IRAL International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language
JEngL Journal of English Linguistics
JLSP Journal of Language and Social Psychology
JMMD Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development
JPCL Journal for Pidgin and Creole Languages
LACUS The ... LACUS Forum (Lake Bluff, IL)
LiS Language in Society
LPLP Language Problems & Language Planning
LVC Language variation and change
NADS Newsletter of the American Dialect Society
PADS Publications of the American Dialect Society
PSCL Papers and Studies in Contrastive Linguistics
RFEA Revue Francaise d'Etudes Am ricaine
RLS Regional Language Studies Newfoundland
SECOLR The SECOL Review: Southeastern Conference on Linguistics
TESOLQ TESOL (Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages)
TSL Typological Studies in Language
UP University Press
WWays Word Ways: The Journal of Recreational Linguistics
ZDL Zeitschrift fuer Dialektologie und Linguistik
Adams, Karen L. 1990. "Ethnic and linguistic minorities in the
Southwest: an overview". In Adams & Brinks, eds., 183-197.[Asians,
Hispanics, Native Am; Ariz., Cal., NMex, Tex]
Adams, Karen L. & Brink, Daniel T., eds. 1990. Perspectives on
official English: the campaign for English as the official language
of the USA. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Adamson, H.D. 1988. Variation Theory and Second Language
Acquisition. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown UP.
Adger, Carolyn Temple. 1986. "When difference does not conflict:
successful arguments between black and Vietnamese classmates". Text
Aguirre, Adalberto, Jr. 1985. "An experimantal study of code
alternation". IJSL 53:59-82. [Intrasentential code switching in
Chicano speaker]
Aguirre, Adalberto, Jr., ed. 1985. Language in the Chicano Speech
Community. JYSL 53:5-128.
Alatis, James E. & Staczek, John C., eds. 1985. Perspectives On
Bilingualism and Bilingual Education. Washington, DC: Georgetown UP.
Alford, Randall & Strother, Judith B. "Attitudes of native and
nonnative speakers toward selected regional accents of U.S. English",
TESOLQ 24:479-495.
Algeo, John. 1984. "Usage", in Needed Research in American English
(1983), 36-53.
Algeo, John. 1986. "The two streams: British and American English",
JEngL 19:269-284.
Algeo, John. 1989. "Americanisms, Briticisms, and the standard: an
essay at definition", TSL 31:139-157.
Algeo, John. 1990. "British and American English: Odi et Amo", in
Sylvia Adamson, Vivien Zaw, Nigel Vincent,& Susan Wright, eds. Papers
from the Fifth International Conference on English Historical
Linguistics, Cambridge, 6-9 April 1987. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 13-29.
Allen Harold B. 1985. "Sex-linked variation in the responses of
dialect informants. Part 1: lexicon", JEngL 18:97-123. [Am. Engl.
Allen Harold B. 1985. "Sex-linked variation in the responses of
dialect informants. Part 2: pronunciation", JEngL 19:4-24. [Am. Engl.
Allen Harold B. 1985. "Sex-linked variation in the responses of
dialect informants. Part 3: grammar", JEngL 19:149-176. [Am. Engl.
Allen, Harold B. 1987. "LAUM and the ABC`s of DARE", AS 62:81-83.
Allen, Harold B. 1989. "Canadian raising in the upper Midwest", AS
Allen, Harold B. 1989. "New or old-fashioned? Informant awareness of
chronological status", AS 64:3-11.
Allen, Harold B. & Michael D. Linn, eds. 1986. Dialect and Language
Variation. Orlando, FL: Academic Press.
Allen, Irving Louis. 1987. "The contempt for provincial life in
historical American slang", in Jesse Levitt, Leonard R.N. Ashley, &
Kenneth H. Rogers, eds. Geolinguistic Perspectives: Proceedings of
the International Conference Celebrating the Twentieth Anniversary of
the American Society of Geolinguistics, 1985. Lanham, MD: UP of
America, 231-258.
Alvarez, Celia. 1989. "Code-switching in narrative performance: a
Puerto Rican speech community in New York", in Garc a & Otheguy,
eds., 373-386.
Alvarez, Louis & Andrew Kolker, (prods). 1986. American Tongues. New
York: Center for American Media. [Videotape]
Amastae, John. 1984. "The Pan-American project", in
Ornstein-Galicia, ed., 1984, 135-142.[Biling. among Mexican-Am.
students, Texas]
Amastae, John. 1990. "Official English and the learning of English",
in Adams & Brink, eds., 199-208.
Anderson, Carolyn, Mariene G. Fine, and Fern L. Johnson. 1983.
"Black talk on television: a constructivist approach to viewers'
perceptions of BEV in Roots II", JMMD 4:181-195.
Antecki, Andrzej. 1986. "Spanish influence upon American English in
the 19th century", ZNOP, Filologia Angielska 1:5-14.
Aponte, Irene A. 1986. "The relationship between linguistic
diversity and language performance", Ph.D. Yeshiva University 1985.
DAI 46(11):3301A. [Black English, relationship to reading]
Armour, Malcolm. 1983. "The social stratification of (e) in
Midlothian Texas", in Edmondson, Jerold A., ed. Research Papers of
the Texas SIL: Pilot Studies in Sociolinguistics: Variation, Use and
Attitudes. Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics, 2-21.
Arthurs, James. 1988. "Terminology vs. jargon: Canadian hockey
talk", in Thomas, ed., 155-163.
Asante, Molefi Kete. 1985. "The African essence in African-American
language", in Molefi Kete Asante & Kariamu Welsh Asante, eds. African
Culture: the Rhythms of Unity. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 233-252.
Asante, Molefi Kete. 1990. "African elements in African-American
English", in Joseph E. Holloway, ed. Africanisms in American Culture.
Bloomington: Indiana UP, 19-33.
Ash, Sharon and John Myhill. 1986. "Linguistic correlates of
inter-ethnic contact", in Sankoff, ed., 33-44.[xx2: BlE?]
Attinasi, John J. "Language attitudes and working class ideology in
a Puerto Rican barrio of New York", Ethnic Groups 5:54-78.
August, Diane and Eugene E. Garcia. 1988. Language Minority
Education in the United States: Research, Policy, and Practice.
Springfield, IL: Thomas.
Avis, Walter S. 1986. "The contemporary context of Canadian
English", in Allen & Linn, eds., 212-216.
Babitch, Rose Mary. 1988. "Diachronic interlinguistic contact as
reflected in the typological structure of today`s Acadian fishermen`s
terminology", in Thomas, ed., 121-137. [New Brunswick; French &
Bailey, Guy. 1989. "Sociolinguistic constraints on language change
and the evolution of are in early modern black English", TSL
Bailey, Guy and Marvin Bassett. 1986. "Invariant be in the lower
South", in Montgomery & Bailey, eds., 158-179.
Bailey, Guy & Cynthia Bernstein. 1990. "The idea of black English",
SECOLR 14:1-24.
Bailey, Guy & Cynthia Bernstein. 1989. "Methodology for a
phonological survey of Texas", in Kretzschmar, Schneider & Johnson,
eds., 6-16.
Bailey, Guy, and Margie Dyer. 1992. "An approach to sampling in
dialectology", AS 67:3-20. [Texas]
Bailey, Guy & Natalie Maynor. 1985. "The present tense of be in
Southern black folk speech", AS 60:195-213.
Bailey, Guy & Natalie Maynor. 1985. "The present tense of be in
white folk speech of the southern United States", EWW 6:199-216.
Bailey, Guy & Natalie Maynor. 1987. "Decreolization?", LiS
16:449-473. [Black English; morphology; lang. change]
Bailey, Guy & Natalie Maynor. 1989. "The divergence controversy", AS
Bailey, Guy, Natalie Maynor and Patricia Cukor-Avila, eds., 1991.
The Emergence of Black English: Text and Commentary. Amstersdam,
Philadelphia: Benjamins.
Bailey, Larry Jerome. 1988. "Dialectal characteristics and
congruence between measures of Southern black fifth-grade school
children", Ph.D. Florida State University . DAI 50(8),
Bailey, Richard W. 1983. "Education and the law: the King case in
Ann Arbor", in Chambers, ed., 94-129. [role of black English dialect
in education; relationship to law]
Bailey, Richard W. 1991. "Dialects of Canadian English", ET 27:20-5.
Baird, Scott. 1985. "English dialects in San Antonio", Names
Baker, Charlotte Pierce. 1985. "Acquisition of /t,d/ deletion in
vernacular Black English: a study of head start preschoolers", Ph.D.
Temple University, DAI 46(8) 1986:2280A.
Barker, Marie E. 1988. "Nonstandard dialects in bilingual education:
the read-aloud strategy in children literature", in Bixler-M rquez &
Ornstein-Galicia, eds., 101-108.
Bartelt, H. Guillermo. 1983. "Mode and aspect transfer in Navajo and
Western Apache English narrative technique", IRAL 21:105-124.
Bartelt, H. Guillermo. 1986. "Language contact in Arizona: the case
of Apachean English", Anthropos 81:692-695.
Bartelt, H. Guillermo. 1986. "Nonanterior tense in American Indian
English", AS 61:327-329.
Bartelt, H. Guillermo. 1986. "Tense/aspect variation in American
Indian English", Nordic Journal of Linguistics 9:47-53.
Bartelt, H. Guillermo. 1987. "Mode and aspect transfer in Navajo and
western Apache English narrative technique", in Dietrich Nehls, ed.
Interlanguage Studies. Heidelberg: Julius Groos, 115-134.
Bartelt, H. Guillermo. 1988. "Cognitive processes in Apachean
English", PSCL 24:183-198.
Bartholomew, Charles. 1988. "The effect of dialect differences on
the scoring of ambiguous WISC-R responses: an evaluation of scoring
bias", Ph.D. University of Southern Mississippi. DAI 49(4):1428B.
[Black English]
Bassett, Marvin Winslett. 1983. "Social Differences in the Grammar
of Lower Alabama", Ph.D. Emory University.
Bates-Mims, Merelyn B. 1986. "Chez les noirs: a comparative
historical analysis of pidgin and creole languages", Ph.D. University
of Cincinnati. DAI 47(6):2142A. [Cameroon Engl.-pidgin compared to
Louisiana Engl. creole; sources in African languages; diachronic
Baugh, John. 1983. "A survey of Afro-American English", Annual
Review of Anthropology 12:335-354.
Baugh, John. 1983. Black Street Speech: Its History, Structure and
Survival. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Baugh, John. 1983. "Language variation in American English
vernaculars", in Chambers, ed., 71-80.[xx2: which?]
Baugh, John. 1984. "Chicano English: the anguish of definition", in
Ornstein-Galicia, ed., 3-13.
Baugh, John 1984. "Steady: progressive aspect in black vernacular
English", AS 59:3-12.
Baugh, John. 1986. "Bilingualism and bidialectism among American
minorities", in Gerhard Nickel & James C. Stalker, eds., Problems of
Standardization and Linguistic Variation in Present-Day English.
Heidelberg: Julius Groos, 84-94.
Baugh, John. 1988. "Beyond linguistic divergence in black American
English: competing norms of linguistic prestige and variation", in
Thomas, ed., 175-186.
Baugh, John. 1991. "The politicization of changing terms of
self-reference among American slave descendants", AS 66:133-146.
Baumann, Richard. 1984. "The making and breaking of context in West
Texas oral anecdotes", GURT:160-174.[xx2: Titel ergaenzen?]
Beaty, Stuart. 1985. "Post-secondary bilingual education in British
Columbia: to be or not to be", CMLR 41:816-818.
Bentley, Robert H. 1987. "Social dialects: educational implications
of the study of black English", in Philip C. Boardman, ed. The Legacy
of Language: a Tribute to Charlton Laird. Reno: University of Nevada
Press, 69-80.
Bergin, Kendall Russell. 1988. "The development of rating scales for
black English grammar, pronunciation, rythm/intonation, and overall
black English usage", Ph.D. University of Tennessee. DAI 50(2)
Bernstein, Cynthia. 1988. "A variant of the `invariant` be", AS
63:119-124. [in BEV]
Billiard, Charles E. 1986. "Correlates among social dialects,
language development, and reading achievement of urban children", in
Montgomery & Bailey, eds., 365-372.
Birns, William. 1986. "Dialect in the Catskills: A Study in Language
and Culture", Ph. D., Indiana University of Pennsylvania, DAI 47:6
(1986), 2142A.
Bixler-M rquez, Dennis J. & Ornstein-Galicia, Jacob, eds. 1988.
Chicano Speech in the Bilingual Classroom. New York: Peter Lang.
Blain, Eleanore. 1987. "Speech of the lower Red River settlement",
in William Cowan, ed. Papers of the Eighteenth Algonquian Conference.
Ottawa: Carleton University, 7-16. [xx2: Engl. lg?]
Bluestein, Gene. 1989. Anglistic/Yiddish: Yiddish in American Life
and Literature. Athens, GA: Univ. of Georgia Press.
Boertien, Harmon S. 1986. "Constituent structure of double modals",
in Montgomery & Bailey, eds., 294-318.
Bountress, Nicholas G. 1983. "Effect of segregated and integrated
educational settings upon selected dialectal features", Perceptual
and Motor Skills 57:71-78. [Black English]
Bourhis, Richard Y. 1984. Conflict and Language Planning in Qu bec.
Clevedon, Avon.
Bourhis, Richard Y. 1984. "Cross-cultural communication in Montreal:
two field studies since bill 101", IJSL 46: 33-47. [Use of French and
English in cross-cultural communication, socioling. approach]
Brewer, Jeutonne P. 1986. "Durative marker or hypercorrection? The
case of -s in the WPA ex-slave narratives", in Montgomery & Bailey,
eds., 131-148.
Brewer, Jeutonne P. 1991. "Songs, sermons, and life stories: The
legacy of the ex-slave narratives", in Bailey, Maynor & Cukor-Avila,
eds., 155-171.
Brooke, Maxey. 1986. "Varieties of American English", Word Ways
19:125-126.[xx2: which?]
Brooke, Maxey. 1988. "Texican", Verbatim 15:13. [Lexicology]
Brooks, Charlotte., et al., ed. 1985. Tapping Potential: English and
Language Arts for the Black Learner. Urbana, Ill: Black Caucus of
National Council of Teachers of English.
Brooks, Cleanth. 1985. The Language of the American South. Athens:
University of Georgia Press.
Brosig, Elly. 1989. "Soziolinguistische Untersuchungen ueber die
Prozesse des Lexiswandels im amerikanischen Armeeslang",
(Sociolinguistic dynamics of lexical change in US army slang), Dr.
phil. dissertation, Stuttgart.
Brown, Vivian R. 1991. "Evolution of the merger of /I/ and /E/
before nasals in Tennessee", AS 66:303-315.
Buckingham, Andrew. 1983. "The stratification of the sociolinguistic
variable (e) in the speech of residents of Midlothian, Texas", in
Edomdson, Jerold A., Research Papers of the Texas SIL: Pilot Studies
in Sociolinguistics: Variation, Use and Attitudes. Dallas: Summer
Institute of Linguistics, 22-36. [Edmondson?, ed.,]
Burnaby, Barbara. 1988. "Language in native education in Canada: In
Christina Bratt Paulstoy, ed. International Handbook of Bilingualism
and Bilingual Education. New York, NY: Greenwood Press, 141-161.
Butters, Ronald R. 1984. "When is English 'Black English
Vernacular'?", JEngL 17:29-36.
Butters, Ronald R. 1987. "More on singular y'all", AS 62: 191-192.
[Southern Am. Engl.; pers. pronoun.]
Butters, Ronald R. 1987. "Linguistic convergence in a North Carolina
Community", in Denning, ed., 52-60.
Butters, Ronald R. 1987. "Verbal -s as past-time indication in
various narratives", in Linda L. McIntyre, ed., Proceedings of the
Annual Linguistics Colloquium, University of North Carolina at Chapel
Hill. Chapel Hill: UNC Linguistics Circle, 9-18.
Butters, Ronald R. 1988. "The historical present as evidence of
black/white convergence/divergence", in Thomas, ed., 637-649.
Butters, Ronald R. 1989. The Death of Black English: Divergence and
Convergence in Black and White Vernaculars. Frankfurt a. M.: Peter
Butters, Ronald R. 1991. "Multiple modals in United States Black
English: Synchronic and diachronic aspects", in Edwards & Winford,
eds., 165-176.
Butters, Ronald R. & Ruth A. Nix. 1986. "The English of blacks in
Wilmington, North Carolina", in Montgomery & Bailey, eds., 254-263.
Butters, Ronald R. & Kristin Stettler. 1986. "Existential and
causative have ... to", AS 61:184-190. [Southern AmE]
Canetuson, Mary Alice. 1982. "A perceptual study of English teachers
and language arts supervisors concerning the use of vernacular black
English by students and teachers in the State of Texas", Ph.D. North
Texas State University. DAI 43(7) 1983:2338A-2339A.
Caratini, Migdalia. 1984. "Social variation in present perfect and
preterit use among selected adult English learners in Puerto Rico",
Ph.D. New York University. DAI 46(1) 1985:138A.
Cartwright, Don. 1987. "Accommodation among the anglophone minority
in Quebec to official language policy: a shift in traditional
patterns of language contact", JMMD 8:193-4.
Cartwright, Don, 1988. "Language policy and internal geopolitics:
the Canadian situation", in Colin H. Williams, ed., Language in
Geographic Context. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters, 238-66.
Carver, Craig, 1986, "The influence of the Mississipi river on
Northern dialect boundaries", AS 61:245-261.
Carver, Craig M. 1987. American Regional Dialects: A Word Geography.
Ann Arbor, MI: Univ. of Michigan Press.
Cassidy, Frederick. 1983. "Sources of the African element in
Gullah", in Lawrence Carrington; ed., Studies in Caribbean Language.
St. Augustine, Trinidad: Society for Carribbean linguistics, 75-81.
Cassidy, Frederic G. 1984. "Regional speech and localisms", in
Needed Research in American English (1983), 32-35.
Cassidy, Frederic G. 1986. "Some similarities between Gullah and
Caribbean Creoles", in Montgomery & Bailey, eds., 30-37.
Cassidy, Frederic G. 1987. "Dare replies to Claiborne", ET 11:8.
Cassidy, Frederic G., 1987. "The dictionary of American regional
English as a resource for language study", in Burchfield, Robert, ed.
Studies in Lexicography. Oxford: Clarendon, 117-135.
Cassidy, Frederic G. 1987. "The fallible computer and Dare", ET
9:27-30. [on Dictionary of Am-regional Engl.]
Cassidy, Frederic G. 1988. "Focus of change in American folk
speech", in Thomas, ed., 326-332.
Cassidy, F.G. & Duckert, Audrey M. 1985. "The Hanley disks:
presentation to the libary of congress", NADS 17:10-12. [(Am. Eng.
dialect; New England; role of Hanley; Miles Lawrence.)1939-1943]
Cassidy, Frederic G., ed. 1985. Dictionary of American Regional
English. Vol.1: Introduction and A-C. Cambridge, MA, London: The
Belknap Press of Harvard UP.
Cassidy, Frederic G., and Joan Houston Hall, eds. 1991. Dictionary
of American Regional English. Vol.2: D-H. Cambridge, MA, London: The
Belknap Press of Harvard UP.
Castonguay, Charles. 1987. "The anglicization of Canada, 1971-1981",
LPLP 11:22-34.
Chambers, John W., ed. 1983. Black English: Educational Equity and
the Law. Ann Arbor, MI: Karoma. [xx: not under J.K.?]
Chambers, J.K. 1985. "Group and individual participation in a
sound-change in progress", in Warkentyne, 119-36. [Toronto]
Chambers, J.K. 1986. "Three kinds of standard in Canadian English",
in Lougheed, ed., 1-15.
Chambers, J.K. 1989. "Canadian raising: blocking, fronting, etc", AS
Chambers, J.K. 1990a. "Forensic dialectology and the Bear Island
land claim", in R. Rieber & W. Stewart, eds., The Language Scientist
as Expert in the Legal Setting. Annals of the New York Academy of
Sciences, Vol. 606, 19-31.
Chambers, J.K. 1990b. "The Canada-U.S. border as a vanishing
isogloss: the evidence of chesterfield", JEngL 23.
Chambers, J.K. 1991. "Canada", in Cheshire, ed., 89-107.
Chambers, J.K & Margaret F. Hardwick. 1985. "Dialect homogeneity and
incipient variation: changes in progress in Toronto and Vancouver",
in J. Harris & R. Hawkins, eds., Sheffield Working Papers in Language
and Linguistics, Vol. 2. Sheffield: School of Modern Languages and
Linguistics, University of Sheffield, 28-49.
Chambers, J.K & Margaret F. Hardwick. 1986. "Comparative
sociolinguistics of a sound change in Canadian English", EWW 7:23-46.
Chamot, Anna U. 1988. "Bilingualism in education and bilingual
education: the state of the art in the United States", in Gimbel, J.,
ed. Papers from the Fifth Nordic Conference on Bilingualism.
Clevedon: Multilingual Matters, 11-35.
Chase, Dennis. 1988. "If someone asks, "where y'at?" say "N'awlins's
a Conneticut Yankee in King Creole's court", Lamar Journal of the
Humanities 14:19-29. [Louisiana: New Orleans]
Ch vez, Regino & Ray A. Chesterfield. 1985. "Teacher language use in
a bilingual preschool setting", IJSL 53:83-97. [Chicano of South
Cheshire, Jenny, ed. 1991. English Around the World. Sociolinguistic
Perspectives. Cambridge: UP.
Ching, Marvin K.L. 1987. "How fixed is fixin` to?", AS 62:332-345.
Ching, Marvin K.L. 1988. "Ma'am and Sir: modes of mitigation and
politeness in the Southern United States", in Thomas, ed., 20-45.
Christian, Donna, Walt Wolfram, & Nanjo Dube. 1988. Variation and
Change in Geographically Isolated Communities: Appalachian English
and Ozark English. PADS 74. Tuscaloosa, AL: Univ. of Alabama Press.
Cichocki, Wladyslaw. 1986. "Linguistic applications of dual scaling
in variation studies", Ph.D. University of Toronto.
Cichocki, Wladyslaw. 1988. "Uses of dual scaling in social
dialectology: multidimensional analysis of vowel variation", in
Thomas, ed., 187-199. [Toronto]
Ciske, Mary Desjarlais. 1988. "An error analysis of standard English
verb use by speakers of a nonstandard black dialect", Ph.D. George
Mason University. DAI 48(10):2615A.[Washington, D.C.]
Clark, Thomas L. 1983. "Linguistic atlases: archival data for
language study in the Western United States", JEngL 16:13-17.
Clark, Thomas L. 1984, "Historical perspective", in Needed Research
in American English (1983), 1-3.
Clarke, Sandra. 1980. "Sex as a sociolinguistic variable: the
significance of sex in attitudinal stereotypes", in A.M. Kinloch &
Anthony B. House, eds., Papers from the Fourth Annual Meeting of the
Atlantic Provinces Linguistic Association. Fredericton: University of
New Brunswick, 60-76.
Clarke, Sandra. 1981. "Dialect stereotyping in rural Newfoundland",
in T.K. Pratt, ed., Papers from the Fifth Annual Meeting of the
Atlantic Provinces Linguistic Association. Charlottetown, P.E.I.:
University of Prince Edward Island, 39-57.
Clarke, Sandra. 1982. "Sampling attitudes to dialect varieties in
St. John's", in Paddock, ed., 90-105.
Clarke, Sandra. 1984. "The role of linguistic feature types in
dialect stereotyping", in J. Barnstead, et al., eds., Papers from the
Eighth Annual Meeting of the Atlantic Provinces Linguistic
Association. Halifax: Dalhousie UP, 19-32.[xx2: Canada?]
Clarke, Sandra. 1984. "Differences in male and female language
usage: The Newfoundland context", Women and Language/Femmes et
langage 13: 33-35.
Clarke, Sandra. 1985. "Sociolinguistic variation in a small urban
contaxt: the St. John's survey", in Warkentyne, ed., 143-54.
Clarke, Sandra. 1985. "Sociolinguistic patterning in a New-World
dialect of Hiberno-English: the speech of St. John's, Newfoundland",
in J. Harris, et al., eds., Perspectives on the English Language in
Ireland. Proceedings of the First Symposium on Hiberno-English.
Dublin: Trinity College, 67-81.
Clarke, Sandra. 1991. "Phonological variation and recent language
change in St. John's English", in Cheshire, ed., 108-22.
Cobarrubias, J. & J.-D. Gendron, eds. 1984. Language Policy in
Canada: Current Issues. Quebec: Laval University.
Coe, Elizabeth Beaubien. 1984. "Assessing Afro-American
comprehension by student teachers whose mother tongue is mainstream
English", Ed. D., University of Houston, DAI 46(4) 1985:963A.
Colbourne, B. Wade. 1982. "A sociolinguistic study of Long Island,
Notre Dame Bay, Newfoundland", in RLS:20-21. [xx?]
Cole, Patricia Anne. 1988. "Learning disability in black second
grade children: an investigation of selected morphological features",
Ph.D. Howard University. DAI 48(8):2289B.
Conklin, Nancy Faires & Margaret A. Lourie. 1983. A Host of Tongues:
Language Communities in the United States. New York: Free Press.
Cooper, Robert L., ed. 1982. Language Spread: Studies in Diffusion
and Social Change. Bloomington, IN: Indiana UP/ Washington, DC:
Center for Applied Linguistics.
Coye, Dale. 1986. "The sneakers/tennis shoes boundary", AS
Crespo Gonzalez, Elba Iris. 1990. "It loses something in the
translation: the communication of emotion among Puerto Ricans living
in the U.S", Ph.D. Adelphi University. DAI 50(11):5376B.
Crozier, Alan. 1984. "The Scotch-Irish influence on American
English", AS 59:310-331.
Crystal, David. 1986. "The best tense we ever had", ET 6:28. [Am.
Engl. past tense, perfect tense comp. to Brit. Engl.]
Cukor-Avila, Patricia. 1989. "Determining change in progress vs
stable variation in two studies of black English vernacular", SECOLR
Cummins, Jim. 1984. Linguistic minorities and multicultural policy
in Canada", in Edwards, ed., 81-105.
Cunnigham, Irma Aloyce Ewing. 1988. "Some innovative linguistic and
procedural solutions, relative to Sea Island Creole, in general; some
aspects of the Sea Island Creole verbal auxiliary in particular", in
Thomas, ed., 46-54.
Cunnigham, Irma Aloyce Ewing. 1992. A Syntactic Analysis of Sea
Island Creole. PADS 75. Tuscaloosa, London: University of Alabama
Dalby, Jonathan Maker. 1984. "Phonetic structure of fast speech in
American English", Ph.D. Indiana University DAI 46 1985:138A.
Dale, Ian. 1989. "Correlational study with a large mainframe
database", in Kretzschmar, Schneider & Johnson, eds., 76-82. [Canada:
Ottawa Valley]
Danesi, Marcel. 1987. "Pubilect: observations on North American
teen-ager talk", LACUS 14:433-441.
Davey, William. 1985. "The stressed vowel phonemes of a New
Brunswick idiolect and central/prair e Canadian English", in Falk,
Lilian, K. Flikeid, & M. Harry, eds. 1985, Papers from the Ninth
Annual Meeting of the Atlantic Provinces Linguistic Association
November 8-9, 1985. Fredericton, New Brunswick: University of New
Brunswick, 25-32.
Davis, Boyd H. 1986. "The talking word map: eliciting Southern
adolescent language", in Montgomery & Bailey, eds., 359-364.
Davis, Lawrence M. & Charles L. Houck. 1990. "Female regional speech
and occupational classification: linguistic attitudes in Hoosierdom",
AS 65:127-135. [Indiana]
Davis, Lawrence M., & Charles L. Houck. 1992. "Is there a Midland
dialect?--Again", AS 67:61-70.
Davis, Lawrence M., & Charles L. Houck. 1992. "Can she be
prestigious and nice at the same time? Perceptions of female speech
in Hoosierdom", AS 67:115-122.
Davis, Lawrence M., Charles L. Houck, & Brian B. Kelly. 1989.
"Easily manipulatable databases for linguistic Atlases: using
Intergraph", in Kretzschmar, Schneider & Johnson, eds., 30-39.
Davison, John. 1987. "On sayin /aw/ in Victoria", Toronto Working
Papers in Linguistics 7:109-22.
DeBlassie, Richard R. & Juan N. Franco. 1983. "Psychological and
educational assessment of bilingual children", in Donald R. Omark &
Joan Good Erickson, eds. The Bilingual Exceptional Child. San Diego:
College-Hill, 55-68. [bilingualism of Mexican American children,
native American children]
Denning, Keith. 1989. "Convergence with divergence: a sound change
in vernacular black English", LVC 1:145-167.
Denning, Keith, ed. 1987. Variation in Language: NWAV-XV at
Stanford. Stanford, CA: Department of Linguistics, Stnaford
Deser, Toni. 1990. "Dialect transmission and variation: an acoustic
analysis of vowels in six urban Detroit families", Ph.D. Boston
University. DAI 50(12):3933A.
Devereux, Robert. 1983. "Southern Amerind lexical contributions",
Verbatim 9:1-3.
Diamond, Stanley. 1990. "English - the official language of
California", in Adams & Brink, eds., 11-119.
Dillard, J.L. 1985. Toward a Social History of American English.
With a chapter on Appalachian English by Linda L. Blanton. Berlin:
Dillard, Joey L. & Shirley A. Rivers. 1989. "Dialectology in our
time?: the English of the Cajuns", in Garc a & Otheguy, eds.,
Di Paolo, Marianna. 1986. "A study of double modals in Texas
English", Ph. D., University of Texas at Austin. DAI 47(6):2143A.
Di Paopol, Marianna, 1989. "Double modals as single lexical items",
AS 64:224.
Di Paolo, Marianna & Alice Faber. 1990. "Phonation differences and
the phonetic content of the tense-lax contrast in Utah English", LVC
Donahue, Thomas S. 1984. "What the sociology of language has to say
about American dialectology", LACUS 11:460-470.
Donahue, Thomas. 1985. "'U.S. English': its life and works", IJSL
Dorrill, George Townsend. 1986. Black and White Speech in the
Southern United States: Evidence from the Middle and South Atlantic
States. Frankfurt a. M.: Peter Lang.
Dorrill, George T. 1986. "A comparison of stressed vowels of black
and white speakers in the south", in Montgomery & Bailey, eds.,
Douaud, Patrick C. 1985. "Multilingualism as a relaxed affair: the
case of the Western Canadian halfbreeds", Teanga 5:1-9.
Dozier, Judy Burges. 1985. "Language change in Charleston: deletion
and relexicalization", SECOLR 9:217-235.
Drake, Glendon F. 1984. "Problems of language planning in the United
States", in Edwards, ed., 141-149.
Draskoy, George F., 1985. The Terminology of Early Newfoundland
Loggers. St. John`s: Government of Newfoundland and Labrador, Dept.
of Culture, Recreation and Youth.
Duckert, Audrey R. 1986. "The speech of rural New England", in Allen
& Linn, eds., 136-141.
Duckert, Audrey R. & John T. Lowney, Jr. 1986. "From the linguistic
Atlas archives: the Hanley disks", JEngL 19:206-221.[New England]
Eastman, Carol M. 1983. Language planning: an introduction. San
Francisco: Chandler & Sharp.
Dyste, Connie. 1989. "Proposition 63: the California English
language amendment", AppL 10:313-330.
Eble, Connie C. 1983. "Slang: derivation or norm", LACUS 10:
Eble, Connie. 1985. "American speech in American speech", ET
Eble, Connie C. 1986. "The subversiveness of slang", LACUS
Eble, Connie C. 1988. "The ephemerality of American college slang",
LACUS 15:457-469.
Eckert, Penelope. 1989. "The whole woman: sex and gender differences
in variation", LVC 1:245-267. [Detroit]
Edmondson, Jerold A., Crawford Feagin, and Peter Muehlhaeusler, eds.,
1990. Development and Diversity: Language Variation Across Time and
Space. Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics & University of Texas
at Arlington.
Edwards, John, ed. 1984. Linguistic Minorities, Policies and
Pluralism. Applied Language studies. London: Academic Press.
Edwards, John & Maryanne Jacobson. 1987. "Standard and regional
standard speech: distinctions and similarities", LiS 16:369-380.
[attitudes towards regional dialect; North America.]
Edwards, Walter F. 1990. "Phonetic differentiation between black and
white speech in East-Side Detroit", Word 41:203-218.
Edwards, Walter F. "A comparative description of Guyanese Creole and
Black English preverbal marker don", in Edwards & Winford, eds.,
Edwards, Walter F., and Donald Winford, eds., 1991. Verb Phrase
Patterns in Black English and Creole. Detroit: Wayne State UP.
Eikmeyer, Hans-Juergen & Rieser, Hannes. 1985. "Procedural grammar
for a fragment of black English", in Ballmer, Thomas T. ed.
Linguistic Dynamics: Discourses, Procedures and Evolution. Berlin: de
Gruyter, 85-178. [xx]
Eisenstein, Miriam R. 1989. "Dialect variation and second-language
intelligibility", in Miriam R. Eisenstein, ed. The Dynamic
Interlanguage. Empirical Studies in Second Language Variation. New
York: Plenum, 175-185. [Black English, NY]
Eisenstein, Miriam & Jean W. Bodman. 1986. "I very appreciate:
expressions of gratitude by native and non-native speakers of
American English", AppL 7:167-185.[xx2: which?]
Enninger, Werner. 1984. "Funktion, Struktur und Erwerb der
Varietaeten Pennsylvaniadeutsch, Amisch Hochdeutsch und Amerikanisches
Englisch bei den Altamischen", in Els Oksaar, ed., Spracherwerb,
Sprachkontakt, Sprachkonflikt. Berlin: De Gruyter, 220-242.
Enninger, Werner, ed. 1986. Studies on the Language and the Verbal
Behavior of the Pennsylvania Germans.I. Stuttgart: Steiner.
Enninger, Werner. 1987. "Amish English: Dutchified?" In Loerscher,
Wolfgang & Schulz, Rainer, eds. Perspectives on Language in
Performance: Studies in Linguistics, Literary Criticism, and Language
Teaching and Learning: To Honour Werner Huellen on the Occasion of his
Sixtieth Birthday. Tuebingen: Narr, 447-578.
Enninger, Werner. 1987. "Notes on the receding contact-influences of
(Pennsylvania-) German on English", in Werner Enninger & Thomas
Stolz, eds. Beitraege zum 3. Essener Kolloquium ueber Sprachwandel und
seine bestimmenden Faktoren vom 30.9. - 2.10.1987 an der Universitaet
Essen. Bochum: Brockmeyer, 99-125.
Enninger, Werner, 1984. "The English of the old order Annish
of Delaware: phonological, morpho-syntactical and lexical variation
of English in the language contact situation of a trilingual speech
community", EWW 5:1-24.
Esling, John H. 1987. "Vowel shift and long term average spectra in
the survey of Vancouver English", Proceedings of the 11th
International Congress of the Phonetic Sciences, Tallin. 11:243-246.
[xx: genauer Titel, Ort, Verlag]
Esman, Milton J. 1985. "The politics of official bilingualism in
Canada", in William R. Beer & James E. Jacob, eds., Language Policy
and National Unity. Totowa, NJ: Rowman & Allanheld, 45-66.
Etter-Lewis, Gwendolyn. 1985. "Sociolinguistic patterns of code
switching in the language of preschool black children", Ph.D.,
University of Michigan. DAI 46(7) 1986:1920A.
Falk-Ban , Kl ra. 1988. "Characteristics of language shift in two
American Hungarian bilingual communities", PSCL 24:161-170.
Fasold, Ralph W., ed. 1983. Variation in the Form and Use of
Language: a Sociolinguistic Reader. Washington, DC: Georgetown UP.
Fasold, Ralph W., William Labov, Fay Boyd Vaughn-Cooke, Guy Bailey,
Walt Wolfram, Arthur K. Spears, & John Rickford. 1987. "Are black and
white vernaculars diverging? Papers from the NWAVE XIV panel
discussion", AS 62:62-80.
Fasold, Ralph W. & Deborah Schiffrin, eds. 1989. Language Change and
Variation. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
Feagin, Crawford. 1986. "More evidence for major vowel change in the
South", in Sankoff, ed., 83-95.
Feagin, Crawford. 1986. "Competing norms in the white speech of
Anniston, Alabama", in Montgomery & Bailey, eds., 216-234.
Feagin, Crawford. 1990. "The dynamics of sound change in southern
states English: from r-less to r-ful in three generations", in
Edmondson, Feagin, & Muehlhaeusler, eds., 129-146.
Feng, Jian. 1987. "Remarks on modern American slang", Waiguoyu
5(51):43-47. [in Chin.]
Fennell, B.A. 1986. "Nurturing the difference", Verbatim 12:7-8.
[Brit. Engl. compared to Am. English]
Fenno, Charles R. 1983. "Nineteenth-century Illinois dialect: Robert
Casey", AS 58:244-254. [use of regional dialect in Casey, R.: The
Parson's Boys]
Ferrara, Kathleen. 1986. "Morphological explanations of Chicano
writing needs", LACUS 13:483-496.
Finegan, Edward. 1985. "Unconscious attitudes towards linguistic
variation", in Sidney Greenbaum, ed. The English Language Today.
Oxford: Pergamon, 92-98. [US exx: Southern, BlE, NY, Chicago]
Fishman, Joshua A. 1984. "Mother tongue claiming in the United
States since 1960: trends and correlates related to the revival of
ethnicity", IJSL 50:21-99. [First language, relationship to
ethnicity. Quantitative approach]
Fishman, Joshua. 1984. "Studies of language as an aspect of
ethnicity and nationalism (a bibliographic introduction)",
Sociolinguistics 14:1-6.
Fishman, Joshua A., et al. 1985. The Rise and Fall of the Ethnic
Revival: Perspectives on Language and Ethnicity. Berlin: Mouton.[data
on US biling.]
Fjelkestam-Nilsson, Brita. 1980. "The placement of 'also' in
American English", in Sven Jacobson, ed. Papers from the Scandinavian
symposium on syntactic variation, Stockholm, May 18-19, 1979.
Stockholm: Almquist & Wiksell, 101-111. [xx: spec. on AmE or on
Flanigan, Beverly Olson. 1985. "American Indian English and error
analysis: the case of Lakota English", EWW 6:217-236.
Flamigan, Beverly O. 1987. "Language variation among native
Americans: observations on Lakota English", JEngL 20:181-199.
Forbes, Jack D. et al. 1984. "The use of the terms `negro` and
`black` to include persons of native American ancestry in `Anglo`
North America", Explorations in Ethnic Studies 7:11-26.
Ford, Cecilia E. 1984. "The influence of speech variety on teachers'
evaluation of students with comparable academic ability", TESOLQ
18:25-40. [Southwestern U.S.; Of teachers towards phonological
transfer from Spanish]
Forgue, Guy Jean. 1983. "L'anglais am ricain", RFEA 8(18): 395-461.
[spec. sect. American English dialect]
Frajzyngier, Zygmunt. 1984. "On the origin of say and se as
complementizers in black English and English-based creoles", AS
Frazer, Timothy C. 1983. "Language variation in the military tract",
Western Illinois Regional Studies 5:54-64. [Ilinois]
Frazer Timothy C. 1983. "Cultural assimilation in the post-frontier
era: linguistic atlas evidence", Midwestern Journal of Language and
Folklore 9:5-23.
Frazer, Timothy C. 1983. "Sound change and social structure in a
rural community", LiS 12:313-328. [xx2: where?]
Frazer, Timothy C. 1986. "Microdialectology: internal variation in a
LANCS community", AS 61:307-317. [North central U.S.]
Frazer, Timothy C. 1987. "Attitudes towards regional pronunciation",
JEngL 20:89-100. [Illinois]
Frazer, Timothy C. 1987. Midland Illinois dialect patterns. PADS 73.
University, AL: University of Alabama Press.
Frazer, Timothy C. 1988. "Commercial television as a source of
language data", in Thomas, ed., 89-94. [Milwaukee]
Galindo, Delma Letticia. 1987. "Linguistic influence and variation
on the English of Chicano adolescents in Austin, Texas", Ph.D.
University of Texas at Austin. DAI 48(10) 1988:2616A.
Galinsky, Hans. 1985. Das amerikanische Englisch: seine innere
Entwicklung und internationale Ausstrahlung. Ein kritischer
Forschungsbericht als Einfuehrung in die Grundlegungsphase der
sprachwissenschaftlichen Amerikanistik. (1919-1945). Darmstadt:
Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.
Gallardo, Andres. 1984. The Standardization of American English.
Concepci n: Univ. de Concepci n.
Garcia, Eugene E. 1984. "Early childhood bilingualism", in Garcia et
al., eds., 209-226.
Garcia, Eugene E., Francisco A. Lomeli, & Isidro D. Ortiz, eds.
1984. Chicano Studies: a Multidisciplinary Approach. New York:
Teachers' College Press.
Garc a, Maryellen. 1984. "Parameters of the East Los Angeles speech
community", in Ornstein-Galicia, ed., 85-98.
Garcia, S. Ofelia. 1983. "Sociolinguistics and language planning in
bilingual education for hispanics in the United States", IJSL
Garc a, S. Ofelia. 1984. "La problem tica del idioma en el ensayo
puertorriqueno: proyecciones de la sociolingueistica", Circulo
13:79-86. [Puerto Rico; use of Spanish and English]
Garc a, Ofelia. 1985. "Bilingualism in the United States: present
attitudes in the light of past policies", in Greenbaum, Sidney, ed.,
The English Language Today. Oxford; Pergamon, 147-158. [general:
history, policy]
Garc a, Ofelia & Ricardo Otheguy, eds., 1989. English across
Cultures, Cultures across English: A Reader in Cross-Cultural
Communication. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Gardner, Meredith Knox. 1984. "Kad existas usana lingvo?", Ido-Vivo
3:7, 18-21. [British Eng. comp. to Am. Eng.]
Garner, T. & Rubin, D.L. 1986. "Middle class blacks' perceptions of
dialect and style shifting: the case of southern attorneys", JLSP
Garigue, Philippe. 1985. "Bilingual university education in
Ontario", CMLR 41:941-946.
Gilbert, Glenn G. 1986. "The English of the Brandywine population: a
triracial isolate in southern Maryland", in Montgomery & Bailey,
eds., 102-110.
Gilyard, R. Keith. 1986. "Voicing myself: a study of sociolinguistic
competence", Ph.D. New York University. DAI 46(12):3636A. [Black
Girard, Dennis, and Donald Larmouth. 1988. "Log-linear statistical
models: explaining the dynamics of dialect diffusion", in Thomas,
ed., 251-277. [Wisconsin]
Godinez, Manuel, Jr. 1984. "Chicano English phonology: norms vs.
interference phenomena", in Ornstein-Galicia, ed. , 42-48.
Godinez, Manuel, Jr. & Ian Maddieson. 1985. "Vowel differences
between Chicano and general Californian English?", IJSL 53:43-58.
Goerlach, Manfred. 1987. "Colonial lag? The alleged conservative
character of American English and other "colonial" varieties", EWW
Goerlach, Manfred. 1987. "Die Stellung des kanadischen Englisch",
Zeitschrift der Gesellschaft fuer Kanada-Studien 7:133-45.
Goerlach, Manfred. 1991. "The identity of Canadian English", in M.G.,
Englishes. Studies in Varieties of English 1984-1988. Amsterdam:
Benjamins, 108-21.
Gold, David L.. 1984. "More on a Dutch-origin word in New York City
English", Leuvense Bijdragen 73:171-175.
Gold, David L. 1985. "Askenazic English to sit shive", AS
60:368-370. [Jewish Americans]
Gold, David L. 1986. "Still more on the origin of New York City
English Sliding Pon(d)", Leuvense Bijdragen 75:335-357 [NYC;
relationship to Dutch]
Goldman, Lorraine. 1986. "Tex-Mex: Where Texas, Mexico, English &
Spanish meet", ET 5:23-26.
Goldstein, Lynn Meg. 1986. "Linguistic variation in English as a
second language as a function of contact versus identification",
Ph.D. Columbia University. DAI 47(3):887A. [Black English; use by non
native Speakers]
Goldstein, Lynn M. 1987. "Standard English: the only target for
nonnative speakers of English?", TESOLQ 21:417-436. [Black English;
Hispanic children]
Gonz les, Gustavo. 1984. "The range of Chicano English", in
Ornstein-Galicia, ed., 32-41.
Gonz lez, Gustavo. 1988. "Chicano English", in Bixler-M rquez &
Ornstein-Galicia, eds., 71-82.
Goodwin, Marjorie Harness. 1990. He-Said-She-Said: Talk as Social
Organization among Black Children. Bloomington, Indianapolis: Indiana
Gozzi, Raymond D., Jr. 1988. "New words in American English: a study
in language, technology and social reality", DAI 49:380A.
Graff, David, William Labov, & Wendell A. Harris, 1986, "Testing
listeners' reactions to phonological markers of ethnic identity: a
new method for sociolinguistic research", in Sankoff, ed., 45-58.
Greenbaum, Sidney. 1990. "Whose English?", in Christopher Ricks &
Leonard Michaels, eds., The State of the Language. Berkeley:
University of California Press, 15-23.
Gregg, Robert J. 1983. "Local lexical items in the sociodialectical
survey of Vancouver English", CJL 28:17-23.
Gregg, Robert J. 1984. An Urban Dialect Survey of the English
Humanities in Vancouver. Final Report to the Social Sciences and
Humanities Research Council of Canada, Ottawa.
Gregg, Robert J. 1985. "The Vancouver survey: grammatical usage", in
Warkentyne, ed., 179-84.
Gregg, Robert J. 1986. "The standard and where we stand now", in
Lougheed, ed., 157-68.
Gregg, Robert J. 1988. "The study of linguistic change in the Survey
of Vancouver English", in Thomas, ed., 434-441.
Gregg, Robert J., et al. 1985. "The Vancouver survey: analysis and
measurement", in Warkentyne, ed., 179-200.
de Gutierrez, Edith Algren. 1987. The Movement against Teaching
English in Schools of Puerto Rico. Lanham: UP of America.
Hall, Joan. 1986. "Black speech: lexical evidence from DARE", in
Montgomery & Bailey, eds., 319-332.
Hall, Joan. 1988. "Caught in the web of change", in Thomas, ed.,
Hancock, Ian. 1986. "On the classification of Afro-Seminole", in
Montgomery & Bailey, eds., 85-101.
Hancock, Ian. 1986. "The cryptolectal speech of the American roads:
traveler cant and American Angloromani", AS 61:206-220.
Hansen, Renee Elise. 1984. "Categorization preference and lexical
ambiguity among black second grade children", Ph.D. New York
Harris, B.P. 1985. "The Vancouver Survey: self-image, perception of
stereotypes and language variants", in Warkentyne, ed., 1985,
201-210. [xx2: exact title?]
Harris, John. 1984. "Syntactic variation and dialect divergence",
Journal of Linguistics 20:303-327. [xx2: which?]
Harris, John. 1986. "Expanding the superstrate: habitual aspect
markers in Atlantic Englishes", EWW 7:171-199. [incl. BlE]
Hartmann, James W. 1984. "Some possible trends in the pronunciation
of young Americans (maybe)", AS 59:220-225.
Hausmann, Robert B. 1988. "Linguistics and dialectology: controlling
strange data", in Thomas, ed., 285-305. [Illinois]
Hasebe-Ludt, Erika. 1985. "The Vancouver survey: analysis and
measurement: methodology of spontaneous speech analysis", in
Warkentyne, ed., 197-200.
Haskins, Jim & Hugh F. Butts. 1987. "America's debt to the language
of black Americans", in Errol Hill, ed., The Theater of Black
Americans: A Collection of Critical Essays. New York: Applause,
Hastings, Pat. 1983. "Age stratification of (u) in Lillian, Texas",
in Jerold A. Edmondson, ed. Research papers of the Texas SIL: Pilot
Studies in Sociolinguistics: Variation, Use and Attitudes. Dallas:
Summer Institute of Linguistics, 37-57.
Hatfield, Deborah Helen. 1986. "Tense marking in the spoken English
of Vietnamese refugees", Ph.D. Georgetown University.
Heap, Norman A. 1983. A Word List from Bucks County, Pennsylvania,
1850-1876. PADS 70. University, AL: University of Alabama Press.
Hecht, Michael. 1987. "Afro-American identity labels and
communication effectiveness", JLSP 6:319-326.
Heiser, Margaret. 1982 [1985]. "Verb forms of the Western reserve
area in Northeastern Ontario", Orbis 31:72-86.
Heller, Monica. 1985. "Ethnic relations and language use in
Montr al", in Nessa Wolfson & Joan Manes, eds. Language of
Inequality. Berlin: Mouton, 75-90.
Hendrickson, Robert. 1987. American Talk: The Words and Ways of
American Dialect. New York: Penguin.
Hensey, Fritz G. 1984. "Chicano English in literary and oral media",
in Ornstein-Galicia, ed., 176-205.
Herold, Ruth, 1990, "Mechanisms of merger: the implementation and
distribution of the low merger in Eastern Pennsylvania", Ph.D.
University of Pennsylvania. DAI 51(5):1596A.
Herrick, Earl M. 1984. Sociolinguistic Variation: a Formal Model.
University, AL: University of Alabama Press. [Study example: Serbian,
croatian, Yana, Javanese, Sicilian Italian, English xx-?]
Hewson, John. 1983. "The speech of nations", CJL 28:33-46. [Canadian
Eng. (Newfoundland; lexicology; lang. history; comp. to French
Hinton, Leanne. 1987. "It's not just the valley girls: a study of
Californian English", Berkeley Linguistics Society 13:117-128.
Hirshberg, Jeffrey. 1984. "The mythical hedgehogs of North Carolina:
a note on lexicgraphical method", AS 59: 281-283.
Hiscock, Philip. 1989. "Newfoundland folklore and language: a
bibliography", RLS 12 [Special issue Canada: Newfoundland]
Holm, John. 1983. "On the relationships of Gullah and Bahamian", AS
Holm, John. 1984. "Variability of the copula in black English and
its creole kin", AS 59:291-309.
Holm, John, 1991. "The Atlantic creoles and the language of the
ex-slave recordings", in Bailey, Maynor & Cukor-Avila, eds., 231-248.
Holton, Sylvia Wallace. 1985. Down Home and Uptown: The
Representation of Black Speech in American Fiction. Rutherford, NJ:
Fairleigh Dickinson UP.
Hudson, Barbara Hill. 1982. "A descriptive study of male and female
speech stereotypes on selected television shows with predominantly
black characters", Ph.D. Howard University. DAI 44(10):3049A.
Huffines, Marion Lois. 1984. "Language contact across generations:
the English of the Pennsylvania Germans", in Wolfgang W. Moelleken,
ed., Dialectology, Linguistics, Literature: Festschrift for Carol E.
Reed. Goeppingen: Kuemmerle, 93-103.
Huffines, Marion Lois. 1984. "Word gain and loss in the English of
the Pennsylvania Germans", Pennsylvania Folklife 34:30-33.
Huffines, Marion Lois. 1984. "The English of the Pennsylvannia
Germans: a reflection of the ethnic affiliation", The German
Quarterly 57:173-182.
Huffines, Marion Lois. 1986. "Strategies of language maintenance and
ethnic marking among the Pennsylvania Germans", Language Sciences
Hung, Henrietta. 1987. "Canadian raising a` la Montr alaise", Toronto
Working Papers in Linguistics 7:123-39.
Huspek, Michael R. 1986. "Linguistic variation, context and meaning:
a case of ing/in' variation in North American workers' speech", LiS
Ikemiya, Tsuneko. 1988. "Acoustic comparative study of contradictory
/a:/ and /ae/ between Maine dialect and general American", in Thomas,
ed., 306-325.
Ilson, Robert. 1985. "Diversity in unity: British and American
English", ET 4:7-11.
Isajiw, Wsevolod W. 1990. "Ethnic identity retention in four ethnic
groups: does it matter?", Journal of Baltic Studies 21:289-304.
[Canada: Toronto]
Jacobson, Phyllis L. 1984. "The social context of Franco-American
schooling in New England", The French Review 57:641-656.
Jacobson, Rodolfo. 1985. "Uncovering the covert bilingual: how to
retrieve the hidden home language", in Eugene E. Garcia & Raymond V.
Padilla, eds., Advances in Bilingual Education Research. Tuscon:
University of Arizona Press, 150-180. [role of language policy in
bilingual education for Mexican American children]
Jolly, Grace, Lily Gaudreault, Francine Paradis, & John Darbelnet,
"La codification de l'anglais canadien", in Edith B dard, & Jaques
Maurais, eds. La Norme Linguistique. Quebec: Conseil de la Langue
Francaise; Paris: Le Robert, 731-762. [features of CanE]
Jones-Jackson, Patricia. 1983. "Contemporary Gullah speech: some
persistent linguistic features", Journal of Black Studies 13:289-303.
Jones-Jackson, Patricia. 1984. "On decreolization and language death
in Gullah", LiS 13:351-362.
Jones-Jackson, Patricia. 1986. "On the status of Gullah on the Sea
Islands", in Montgomery & Bailey, eds., 63-72.
Jones-Jackson, Patricia. 1987. When Roots Die: Endangered Traditions
on the Sea Islands. Athens, London: The University of Georgia Press.
Joyner, Charles. 1986. "'If you ain't got education': slave language
and slave thought in ante bellum Charleston", in Michael O'Brian &
David Moltke-Hansen, eds., Intellectual Life in Antebellum
Charleston. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 255-278.
Kachru, Braj B., et al. 1983. "Norms r gionales de l'anglais", in
Edith B dard, & Jaques Maurais, eds. La Norme Linguistique. Quebec:
Conseil de la Langue Francaise; Paris: Le Robert, 707-730.[xx2:
Karhu, Carolyn G. 1988. "Tennessee prison talk", AS 63: 125-136.
Kent-Paxton, Laura Belle. 1983. "A linguistic analysis of the
diaries of M.E. Anderson-Kent, pioneer woman", Ph.D. East Texas State
Kilbury, James. 1983. "Talking about phonemics: centralized
diphthongs in a Chicago-area idiolect", in Frederick B. Agard, et
al., eds. Essays in Honor of Charles F. Hockett. Leiden: Brill,
Kinloch, A.M. 1985. "The English language in New Brunswick
1784-1984", in Reavley Gair, ed., A Literary and Linguistic History
of New Brunswick. Fredericton: Fiddlehead Poetry Books & Goose Lane
Editions, 59-74.
Kinloch, A.M. & Walter Avis. 1989. "Central Canadian English and
Received Standard English: a comparison of pronunciation", in Garc a
& Otheguy, eds., 403-420.
Kirwin, William J. 1988. "How the Newfoundland Dictionary is
faring", This Land 3,3:38-39, 92, 94, 97.
Kirwin, William J. & Robert C. Hollett. 1986. "The West Country and
Newfoundland: SED evidence", JEngL 2:222-39.
Kirwin, W.J. & Story, G.M. 1986. "The etymology of High liner:
problems of inclusion in The Dictionary of Newfoundland English", AS
Kniesza, Veronika. 1984. "The origin and originality of American
English dialects", in Frank, Tibor, ed. The Origin and Originality of
American Culture. Budapest: Akad miai Kiad , 691-699.
Kochman, Thomas. 1986. "Strategic ambiguity in black speech genres:
cross-cultural interference in participant-observation research",
Text 6:153-170.
Koike, D.A. 1987. "Code switching in the bilingual Chicano
narrative", Hispania 70:148-154.
Kokolis, James F. 1986. "Revisiting Armstrong County, Pennsylvania,
dialect through Kittaning High School Seniors", Ph.D. Indiana Univ.
of Pennsylvania. DAI 48(1):118A.
Kretzschmar, William A., Jr. 1984. "Computer needs", in Needed
Research in American English (1983), 71-76.
Kretzschmar, William A., Jr. 1988. "Computers and the American
Linguistic Atlas", in Thomas, ed., 200-224.
Kretzschmar, William A., Jr., Edgar W. Schneider and Ellen Johnson,
eds., 1990. Computer Methods in Dialectology. Athens, Ga.: JEngL
(Special Issue 22.1 1989).
Kretzschmar, William A., Jr., and Edgar W. Schneider, fc. Postmodern
Dialectology: Computers, Statistics, and the Linguistic Atlas of the
Middle and South Atlantic States (LAMSAS). [Tuscaloosa, London:
University of Alabama Press].
Krzyston, S.S., Nelleke Van-Deusen, & Jerrie Scott. 1987.
"Listener's response to regional and ethnic accents in broadcasting",
SECOLR 11:115-134. [U.S.; attit. towards regional dialect-, black
Engl. on the radio]
Kuiper, Koenraad, and Frederick Tillis. 1985. "The chant of the
Tobacco auctioneer", AS 60:141-149. [Southern; BE]
Labov, William. 1983. "Recognizing black English in the classroom",
in Chambers, ed., 29-55.
Labov, William. 1987. "The interpretation of zeroes", in Wolfgang U.
Dressler et al., eds., Phonologica 1984. London: Cambridge UP,
135-156. [phonological deletion; study examples black English]
Labov, William. 1989. "Exact description of the speech community:
short a in Philadelphia", in Fasold & Schiffrin, eds., 1-57.
Labov, William. 1990. "The intersection of sex and social class in
the course of linguistic change", LVC 2:205-254. [Pennsylvania:
Labov, William. 1991. "Three dialects of English", in Penelope
Eckert, ed., New Ways of Analyzing Sound Change: Quantitative
Analyses of Linguistic Structures. New York: Academic Press. [xx2:
Labov, William & Wendell A. Harris. 1986. "De facto segregation of
black and white vernaculars", in Sankoff, ed., 1-24.
Landry, Rodrigue & Real Allard. 1990. "Contact des langues et
d velopement bilingue: un mod le macroscopique", CMLR 46:527-553.
Lass, Roger & Jo-Anne W. Higgs, 1984. "Phonetics and language
history: American /r/ as a candidate for an archaism", Occasional
Papers in Linguistics and Language Learning 9:91-109.
Lay, Clarry H. 1989. "Responses to French-Canadian accented English
speech: the role of context", JLSP 8:321-325.
Lederer, Richard M., Jr. 1985. Colonial American English, A
Glossary. Essex, Conn.: Verbatim.
Linn, Michael D. 1983. "Informant selection in dialectology", AS
Linn, Michael. 1988. "The origin and development of the Iron Range
dialect in northern Minnesota", Studia Anglia Posnaniensia 21:75-87.
Linn, Michael D. & Ronald R. Regal. 1988. "Verb analysis of the
Linguistic Atlas of the North Central States: a case study in
preliminary analysis of a large data set", in Thomas, ed., 138-154.
Lipski, John M. 1986. "English-Spanish contact in the United States
and Central America: sociolinguistic mirror images?", in Manfred
Goerlach & John A. Holm, eds., Focus on the Caribbean. Amsterdam:
Benjamins, 191-208.
Lissewski, Monika, 1991. Early Black English in South Carolina:
Variation und Kovariation morphologischer und syntaktischer
Varianten. Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier.
Lougheed, W.C., ed. 1986. In Search of the Standard in Canadian
English. Kingston, Ontario: Queen's Univ., Strathy Language Unit.
Lougheed, W.C. 1987. Writings on Canadian English, 1976-1987: A
Selective/Annotated Bibliography. Kongston, Ontario: Queen's Univ.,
Strathy Language Unit.
Lowy, Esther G., et al. 1983. "Ethnic activists view the ethnic
revival and its language consequences: an interview study of three
American ethnolinguistic minorities", JMMD 4:237-254.
Lucas, Ceil. 1986. "I ain`t got non/you don`t have any: noticing and
correcting variation in the classroom", in Montgomery & Bailey, eds.,
Luhman, Ried. 1990. "Appalachian English stereotypes: language
attitudes in Kentucky", LiS 6(64):331-348. [xx: Band/Heft pruefen]
Luthin, Herbert W. 1987. "The story of California (ow): The
coming-of-age of English in California", in Denning, ed., 312-324.
Macauly, Marcia I. 1990. Processing Varieties in English: An
Examination of Oral and Written Speech across Genres. Vancouver:
Univ. of British Columbia Press.
Macaulay, Ronald K.S. 1991. "'Coz it izny spelt when they say it':
displaying dialect in writing", AS 66:280-291.
Mahar, William J. 1985. "Black English in early blackface
minstrelry: a new interpretation of the sources of minstrel show
dialect", American Quarterly 37:260-285.
Mahecha, Nancy Ruiz. 1990. "The perception of pre-switch cues by
Spanish-English bilinguals", Ph.D. City University of New York. DAI
51(5):2312B. [phon. cues to code switching xx2:US?]
Manning, Alan & Eatcock, Robert. 1982. "The influence of French on
English in Quebec", LACUS 9:496-502.
Manuel-Dupont, Sonia Sue. 1986. "Analysis of the English language
use of Hualapai children in an academic setting", Ph.D. University of
Kansas. DAI 47(7) 1987:2565A. [Native Am]
Maruta, Tadao. 1987. "A note on (V N) compounds in Newfoundland
English", RLS 11:31-34.
Mashbuon, Carolyn. 1989. "Multiple modals in an American English
dialect", CUNY Forum 14:130-133. [Southern Am. Engl.]
Maynor, Natalie. 1988. "Written records of spoken language: how
reliable are they?", in Thomas, ed., 109-120.
McArthur, Tom. 1989. The English Language as Used in Quebec: a
Survey. Kingston, Ontario: Queen's University, Strathy Language Unit.
McCrum, Robert, William Cran, and Robert MacNeil. 1986. The Story of
English. London: Faber and Faber.
McDaniel, Susan Leas. 1989. "Databases of the LAGS Automatic Atlas",
in Kretzschmar, Schneider & Johnson, eds., 63-68. [U.S.-Gulf coast]
McDavid, Raven I., Jr. 1984. "The failure of intuition", SECOLR
McDavid, Raven I., Jr. 1984 "Lessons learned in half a century:
experience of a practicing dialectologist", in Ornstein-Galicia, ed.,
McDavid, Raven I., Jr. 1984. "Linguistic geography", in Needed
Research in American English (1983), 4-31.
McDavid, Raven I., Jr. 1985. "American dialectology: a historical
perspective", in Warkentyne, ed., 13-34.
McDavid, Raven I., Jr. & Virginia G. McDavid. 1985. "Fries and
linguistic geography", in Peter Howard Fries & Nancy M. Fries, eds.,
Towards an Understanding of Language: Charles Carpenter Fries in
Perspective. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 221-235. [New England]
McDavid, Raven I. & Virginia McDavid. 1986. "Kentucky verb forms",
in Montgomery, & Bailey, eds., 264-293.
McDavid, Raven I., Jr., Virginia G. McDavid, William A. Kretzschmar,
Jr., Theodore K. Lerud, & Martha Rutcliff. 1986. "Inside a linguistic
atlas", Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society
130:390-405. [Middle + South Atlantic States]
McDavid, Raven I., Jr. & Theodore Lerud. 1984. "German relics in the
English of South Carolina", in Wolfgang Moelleken, ed., Dialectology,
Linguistics, Literature: Festschrift for Carol E. Reed. Goeppingen:
Kuemmerle, 133-149.
McDavid, Virginia G. 1988. "Sex-linked differences among Atlas
informants: irregular verbs", in Thomas, ed., 333-361.[LANE, LAMSAS,
McDonald, Marguerite Goodrich. 1985. "Cuban-American English: the
second generation in Miami." Ph. D., University of Florida. DAI
47(2), 1986:520A.
McDonald, Marguerite G. 1989. "Sociolinguistic variation and the
multidimensional model of acculturation", RLA: Romance Languages
Annual 1:677-681. [Cuban Americans]
McKay, Sandra Lee. 1989. "The role of English in the Philippines,
the United States, and South Africa", TESOL Newsletter 23:21,23.
McMillan, James B. & Montgomery, Michael B. 1989. Annotated
Bibliography of Southern American English. Tuscaloosa, AL: University
of Alabama Press.
Medicine, Bea. 1987. "The role of American Indian women in cultural
continuity and transition", in Joyce Penfield, ed., Women and
Language in Transition. Albany, NY: State University of New York
Press, 159-166.
Merril, Celia Dale. 1987. "Mexican-American English in McAllen,
Texas: features of accentedness in the English of native Spanish
bilinguals", Ph.D. University of Texas at Austin. DAI
Meseck, Birgit. 1986. "Die Amerikanisierung des kanadischen
Englisch", in E. Bettinger & T. Meier-Fohrbeck, eds., Von Shakespeare
bis Chomsky. Frankfurt a.M.: Peter Lang, 273-84.
Miller, Michael I. 1984. "The city as a cause of morphophonemic
change", SECOLR 8:28-59. [Georgia: Augusta]
Miller, Michael I. 1984, "A Jacksonian view of American English",
RFEA 8(18):397-403.
Miller, Michael I. 1986. "The greatest blemish: plurals in -sp, -st,
-sk", in Montgomery & Bailey, eds., 235-253.
Miller, Michael I. 1987. "Evidence for a Virginia plantation
creole?", ZDL 54:184-201.
Miller, Michael I. 1987. "Three changing verbs: bite, ride, and
shrink", JEngL 20:3-12.
Miller, Michael I. 1988. "Ransacking linguistic survey data with a
number cruncher", in Thomas, ed., 464-479.[Chicago]
Mills, Carl. 1990. American Grammar: Sound, Form and Meaning. New
York: Peter Lang.
Minayo-Rowe, Liliana. 1986. "Sociocultural comparison of bilingual
education policies and programmes in three Andean countries and the
United States", JMMD 7:465-477.
Montano-Harmon, Maria Rosario. 1989. "Discourse features in the
compositions of Mexican, English-as-a-second-language,
Mexican-American/Chicano, and Anglo High School students:
considerations for the formulation of educational policies", Ph.D.
University of Southern California. DAI 50(5):1235A.
Montgomery, Michael B. 1988. "The roots of Appalachian English", in
Thomas, ed., 480-491.
Montgomery, Michael B. 1989. "Exploring the roots of Appalachian
English", EWW 10:227-278.
Montgomery, Michael B. 1989. "A note on Ya'll", AS 64:273-275.
[Southern Am. Engl.]
Montgomery, Michael B. 1991. "The linguistic value of the ex-slave
recordings", in Bailey, Maynor & Cukor-Avila, eds., 173-189.
Montgomery, Michael B. & Guy Bailey, eds. 1986. Language Variety in
the South: Perspectives in Black and White. University, AL:
University of Alabama Press.
Montgomery, Michael B. & Guy Bailey. 1986. "Introduction", in
Montgomery & Bailey, eds., 1-29.
Montgomery, Michael B. & Cecil Ataide Melo. 1990. "The phonology of
the lost cause: the English of the confederados in Brazil", EWW
11:195-216. [Brazil: Americano; compared to Southern Am. Eng.;
diachronic approach]
Morrison, Val, Bill Reimer & Frances M. Shaver. 1991. "English
speakers in the Eastern townships of Quebec", EWW 12:63-74.
Morrow, Daniel Hibbs. 1986. "The relationship between feature
alternation and error in writing among University freshmen who select
features of black American English in speech", Ph.D. University of
Pittsburgh. DAI 47(6):2063A.
Mufwene, Salikoko S. 1986. "Number delimitation in Gullah", AS
Mufwene, Salikoko S. 1986. "Restrictive relativization in Gullah",
JPCL 1:1-31.
Mufwene, Salikoko. 1989. "Equivocal Structures in some Gullah
complex sentences", AS 64:304-326.
Mufwene, Salikoko S. 1991. "Is Gullah decreolizing? A comparison of
a speech sample of the 1930s with a sample of the 1980s", in Bailey,
Maynor & Cukor-Avila, eds., 213-230.
Mufwene, Salikoko S. 1991. "On the infinitive in Gullah", in Edwards
& Winford, eds., 209-222.
Mufwene, Salikoko S. 1991. "Some reasons why Gullah is not dying
yet", EWW 12:215-243.
Mufwene, Salikoko S. & Charles Gilman. 1987. "How African is Gullah,
and why?", AS 62:120-139.
Murray, Thomas E. 1985. "The language of singles bars", AS 60:17-30.
[St. Louis, Missouri]
Murray, Thomas E. 1985. "Lapine lingo in American English: Silflay",
AS 60:372-375. [new term and its regional distribution]
Murray, Thomas E. 1986. The Language of St. Louis, Missouri:
Variation in the Gateway City. New York: Peter Lang.
Murray, Thomas E. 1987. "'You $ # ^ % ? * & a Hoosier!: derogatory
names and the derogatory name in St. Louis, Missouri", Names 35:1-7.
Murray, Thomas E. 1992. "Social structure and phonological variation
on a Midwestern college campus", AS 67:163-174. [Kansas]
Mutt, Oleg. 1984. "American black English - some notes on its past,
present and future", Tartu riikliku uelikooli toimetised/ Ucenye
zapiski Tartuskogo gosudarstuennogo universiteta (Tartu) 684:90-96.
[xx: Titel pruefen!]
Myhill, John. 1988. "Postvocalic /r/ as an index of integration into
the BEV speech community", AS 63: 203-213.
Myhill, John. 1988. "The rise of be as an aspect marker in Black
English Vernacular", AS 63:304-325.
Myhill, John & Wendell A. Harris, 1986. "The use of the verbal -s
inflection in BEV", in Sankoff, ed., 25-31.
Myhill, John, 1991. "The use of invariant be with verbal predicates
in BEV", in Edwards & Winford, eds., 101-113.
Navarro, Richard. 1985. "The problems of language, education and
society: who decides", in Eugene E. Garcia & Raymond V. Padilla, eds.
Advances in Bilingual Education Research. Tucson: University of
Arizona Press, 289-313.
Needed Research in American English (1983). 1984. PADS 71.
University, AL: University of Alabama Press.
Nelson, Cecil Linwood. 1984. "Intelligibility: the case of
non-native varieties of English", Ph.D. Univ. of Illinois at
Nelson-Barber, Sharon S. 1982. "Phonologic variations of Pima
English", in Robert St. Clair & William Leap, eds, Language Renewal
Among American Indian Tribes: Issues, Problems, and Prospects.
Rossleyn, VA: Nat. Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education, 115-131.
Nichols, Patricia C. 1983. "Black and white speaking in the rural
south: difference in the pronominal system", AS 58:201-215.
Nichols, Patricia C. 1984. "Networks and hierarchies: language and
social stratification", in Cheris Kramarae, Murriel Schulz, & William
M. O'Barr, eds. Language and Power. Beverly Hills: Sage, 23-42.
Nichols, Patricia C. 1986. "Prepositions in black and white English
of South Carolina", in Montgomery & Bailey, eds., 73-84.
Nichols, Patricia C. 1991. "Verbal patterns of black and white
speakers of coastal South Carolina", in Edwards & Winford, eds.
Odmark, John. 1984. The American idiom and the semiotics of
culture", in Tibor Frank, ed., The origins and orinalities of
American culture. Budapest: Akad miai Kiad , 665-673.
O`Hearn, Carolyn. 1988. "Swingletree, singletree, and the OED", AS
Oomen, Ursula, and Monika Lissewski. 1989. "Pronoun variation in
South Carolinian `Early Black English`", in Manfred Puetz & Ren
Dirven, eds., Wheels within Wheels. Papers of the Duisburg Symposium
on Pidgin and Creole Languages. Frankfurt a.M.: Peter Lang, 109-133.
Ornstein-Galicia, Jacob, ed. 1984. Form and Function in Chicano
English. Rowley, MA: Newbury House.
Ornstein-Galicia, Jacob. 1984. "Networking: a needed research
direction", in Ornstein-Galicia, ed., 160-165.
Ornstein-Galicia, Jacob. 1987/1988. "The U.S. Southwest as a
sociolinguistic problem area", in Ulrich Ammon, Norbert Dittmar, &
Klaus J. Mattheier, eds. Sociolinguistics. Soziolinguistik. Berlin:
de Gruyter, 1405-1413.
Ornstein-Galicia, Jacob, Betty Lou Dubois, & Bates Hoffer. 1984.
"The El Paso sociolinguistic microsurvey as bilinguism", in
Ornstein-Galicia, ed., 143-159.
Orr, Eleanor Wilson. 1987. Twice as Less: Black English and the
Performance of Black Students in Mathematics and Science. New York:
Owens, Thompson W. & Baker, Paul M. 1984. "Linguistic insecurity in
Winnipeg: validation of a Canadian index of linguistic insecurity",
LiS 13:337-350. [relationship to social class, gender; study example:
Paddock, Harold, ed. 1982. Languages in Newfoundland and Labrador.
Second Version. St. John's, Nfld: Department of Linguistics, Memorial
Paddock, Harold. 1984. "Mapping lexical variants in Newfoundland
English", in Helmut Zobl, ed., Papers from the Seventh Annual Meeting
of the Atlantic Provinces Linguistics Association. Moncton, N.B.:
University of Moncton, 84-103.
Paddock, Harold. 1986. "The actuation problem for gender change in
Wessex versus Newfoundland", in A.M. Kinloch, et al., eds., Papers
from the Tenth Annual Meeting of the Atlantic Provinces Linguistics
Association. Fredericton: University of New Brunswick, 130-40.
Padilla, Raymond V. 1984. "Federal policy shifts and the
implementation of bilingual education programs", in John A. Garcia,
Theresa C rdova, & Juan R. Garcia, eds. The Chicano Struggle:
Analyses of Past and Present Efforts. Binghamton, NY: Bilingual
Press, 90-110.
Pederson, Lee. 1985. "Systematic phonetics", JEngL 18:14-24.
Pederson, Lee. 1986. "A graphic plotter grid", JEngL 19:25-41.
Pederson, Lee. 1987. "An automatic book code", JEngL 20:48-71.
Pederson, Lee. 1988. "Zum Einsatz von Schnelldruckerkarten in der
Dialektkatographie: rechnergestuetzte Sprachdatenbearbeitung im Rahmen
des `Linguistic Atlas of the Gulf States`", ZDL 55:306-331.
Pederson, Lee. 1988. "Electronic matrix maps", JEngL 21: 149-174.
Pederson, Lee. 1989. "AAM phonology", in Kretzschmar, Schneider &
Johnson, eds., 54-62-
Pederson, Lee, Susan Leas McDaniel, & Marvin Bassett. 1984. "The
LAGS concordance", AS 59:332-339.
Pederson, Lee & Madsen, Michael W. 1989. "Linguistic geography in
Wyoming", in Kretzschmar, Schneider & Johnson, eds., 17-24.
Pederson, Lee, et al., eds. 1986. Linguistic Atlas of the Gulf
States, Vol. I: Handbook for the Linguistic Atlas of the Gulf States.
Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press.
Pederson, Lee, et al., eds. 1988. Linguistic Atlas of the Gulf
States, Vol. II: General Index for the Linguistic Atlas of the Gulf
States. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press.
Pederson, Lee, et al., eds., 1989. Linguistic Atlas of the Gulf
States, III: Technical Index for the Linguistic Atlas of the Gulf
States. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press.
Pederson, Lee, et al., eds., 1990. Linguistic Atlas of the Gulf
States, IV: Regional Matrix for the Linguistic Atlas of the Gulf
States. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press.
Pederson, Lee, et al., eds., 1991. Linguistic Atlas of the Gulf
States, V: Regional Pattern for the Linguistic Atlas of the Gulf
States. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press.
Pederson, Lee, et al., eds., 1991. Linguistic Atlas of the Gulf
States, VI: Social Matrix for the Linguistic Atlas of the Gulf
States. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press.
Penalosa, Fernando. 1985. "A world-system perspective for Chicano
sociolinguistics", IJSL 53:7-19.
Penalosa, Fernando. 1986. "Trilingualism in the barrio: Mayan
Indians in Los Angeles", LPLP 10:229-253.
Penfield, Joyce. 1984. "Prosodic patterns: some hypotheses and
findings from fieldwork", in Ornstein-Galicia, ed., 49-59.
Penfield, Joyce. 1989. "Social and linguistic parameters of prosody
in Chicano English", in Garc a & Otheguy, eds., 387-401.
Penfield, Joyce & Ornstein-Galicia, Jacob L. 1985. Chicano English:
An Ethnic Contact Dialect. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
Peters, Pam & Margery Fee. 1989. "New configurations: the balance of
British and American English features in Australian and Canadian
English", Australian Journal of Linguistics 9:135-147.
Pfeffer, J. Alan. 1985. "Comparative subordinating conjunctions in
American English", IRAL 23:323-330.
Philips, Susan Urmston. 1983. The Invisible Culture: Communication
in Classroom and Community on the Warm Springs Indian Reservation.
New York & London: Longman.
Pierce, James Alfred. 1989. "Sociolinguistic relationships in
attitudes toward Anglo and Mexican American varieties of English in
Corpus Christi, Texas", Ph.D. University of Texas at Austin. DAI
Piper, David. 1989. "Socio-political influence on cultural identity
in Canada: implications for cross-cultural communication in English",
in Garc a & Otheguy, eds., 161-183.
Pitts, Anne. 1986. "Flip-flop prestige in American tune, duke,
news", AS 61:130-138.
Pitts, Walter Franklin. 1986. "Linguistic Variation as a Function of
Ritual Frames in the Afro-Baptist Church in Central Texas", Ph.D.,
University of Texas at Austin, DAI 47(5):1715A.
Pitts, Walter. 1986. "Contrastive use of verbal -z in slave
narratives", in Sankoff, ed., 73-82.
Pitts, Walter. 1989. "West African poetics in the black preaching
style", AS 64:137-149.
Pons-Ridler, Suzanne & Ridler, Neil B. 1989. "The territorial
concept of official bilingualism: a cheaper alternative for Canada?",
Language Sciences 11:147-158.
Poplack, Shana. 1983. "Intergenerational variation in language use
and structure in a bilingual context", in Charlene Rivera, ed., An
Ethnographic/Sociolinguistic Approach to Language Proficiency
Assessment. Avon: Multilingual Matters, 42-47.
Poplack, Shana, & David Sankoff. 1987. "The Philadelphia story in
the Spanish Caribbean", AS 62:291-314.
Poplack, Shana & Sali Tagliamonte. 1989. "There's no tense like the
present: verbal -s inflection in early black English", LVC 1:47-84.
Poulsen, Richard C. 1985. The Mountain Man Vernacular: Its
Historical Roots, Its Linguistic Nature, and Its Literary Uses. New
York: Peter Lang. [Western U.S.]
Pratt, T.K. 1988. Dictionary of Prince Edward Island English.
Toronto: Toronto UP.
Preston, Dennis R. 1985. "The Li'l Abner syndrome: written
representations of speech", AS 60:328-336. [U.S. dialect]
Preston, Dennis R. 1985. "Southern Indiana perceptions of `correct`
and `pleasant` speech", in Warkentyne, ed., 387-412.
Preston, Dennis R. 1986. "Five visions of America", LiS 15: 221-240.
[on local perceptions of dialect areas in the US]
Preston, Dennis R. 1988. "Methods in the study of dialect
perceptions", in Thomas, ed., 373-395. [US]
Preston, Dennis R. 1989. "Standard English spoken here: the
geographical foci of linguistic norms", in Ulrich Ammon, ed., Status
and Function of Languages and Language Varieties. Berlin: Walter de
Grnyter, 324-254. [AE]
Preston, Dennis R. 1989. Perceptual Dialectology: Nonlinguists`
Views of Areal Linguistics. Dordrecht: Foris.
Pringle, Ian. 1983. "The concept of dialect and the study of
Canadian English", Queen's Quarterly 90:100-21. Reprinted in H.B.
Allen & M.D. Linn, eds., Dialect and Language Variation. New York:
Academic Press, 1986:217-36.
Pringle, Ian. 1985. "Attitudes to Canadian English", in Sidney
Greenbaum & Braj B. Kachru, eds., The English Language Today. Oxford:
Pergamon, 183-205.
Pringle, Ian. 1986. "The complexity of the concept of standard", in
Lougheed, ed., 20-38.
Pringle, Ian & Padolsky, Enoch. "The linguistic survey of the Ottawa
valley", AS 58:325-344.
Pringle, Ian, et al. 1985. "Procedures to solve a methodological
problem in the Ottawa Valley", in Warkentyne, ed., 477-94.
Raith, Joachim. 1981. "Phonologische Interferenzen im amerikanischen
Englisch der anabaptistischen Gruppen deutscher Herkunft in Lancaster
County (Pennsylvania): Unter Beruecksichtigung von
Sprachgemeinschaftstyp und Erwerbskontext", ZDL 48:35-52.
Raith, Joachim. 1986. "Variation, linguistic continua and related
issues: data from anabaptist groups in Lancaster County,
Pennsylvannia", in Werner Enninger, ed. Studies on the Language and
the Verbal Behavior of the Pennsylvania Germans.I. Stuttgart:
Steiner, 37-45.
Ramirez, Manuel III. 1984. "The chicano bilingual, cultural
democracy and the multicultural personality in a diverse society", in
Ornstein-Galicia, ed., 99-114.
Ray, George B. 1987. "An ethnography of nonverbal communication in
an Appalachian community", Research on Language & Social Interaction
Read, Allen Walker. 1985. "The embattled dominance of English in the
United States", in Levitt, Jessie, et el., eds. Geolinguistic
Perspectives, 221-230.
Read, Allen Walker. 1986. "An American ABC: remarks on DARE at MLA",
NADS 18:6-7.
Richards, Craig. 1985. "Bilingualism and hispanic employment: school
reform or social control", in Eugene E. Garcia, et al., Advances in
Bilingual Education Research. Tucson: University of Arizona Press,
Richards, Donna Jean. 1989. "Prestige and standard in Canadian
English: evidence from the survey of Vancouver English", Ph.D., The
University of British Columbia. DAI 49(12):3708A.
Richardson, Carmen. 1991. "Habitual structures among blacks and
whites in the 1990s", AS 66:292-302.
Richardson, Gina. 1984. "Can Y'all function as a singular pronoun in
Southern dialect?", AS 59:51-59.
Rickford, John R. 1985. "Ethnicity as a sociolinguistic boundary",
AS 60:99-125. [Gullah, BE]
Rickford, John R. 1986. "Social contact and linguistic diffusion:
Hiberno-English and New World Black English", Language 62:245-289.
Rickford, John R. 1986. "Some principles for the study of black and
white speech in the South", in Montgomery & Bailey, eds., 1986,
Rickford, John R. 1988. "Language contact, variation and diffusion:
microlevel community perspectives", in Peter H. Lowenberg, ed., GURT
1987: Language Spread and Language Policy. Washington: Georgetown UP,
25-44. [xx2: which?]
Rickford, John R. 1990. "Number delimitation in Gullah: a reponse to
Mufwene", AS 65:148-163.
Rickford, John R. 1991. Representativeness and reliability of the
ex-slave materials, with special reference to Wallace Quarterman`s
recordings and transcript", in Bailey, Maynor & Cukor-Avila, eds.,
Rickford, John R. & Renee Blake. 1990. "Copula contraction and
absence in Barbadian English, Saman English and Vernacular Black
English", Berkeley Linguistics Society 16:257-268.
Roberts, Roda P. 1989. "Translating and interpreting in Canada's far
north: a true intercultural challenge", BACLA 11:97-108. [Canada:
Northwest territories; Between Athapascan languages, Cree language;
Unit language; English language]
Rogers, Phillip
W. 1984. "The Dictionary of Newfoundland English", Queen`s Quarterly
91:823-837. [Review art.]
Romero, Mary. 1988. "Chicano discourse about language use", LPLP
Rot, S ndor. 1986. "Varieties of American English in the
macrostructure of American culture and semiotic problems of cultural
pluralism", in Charlotte Kretzoi, ed. High and Low in American
Culture. Budapest: Department of English, Lor nd Eoetvoes University,
Rot, S ndor. 1987. "Non-standard varieties of American English in
the macrostructure of American culture", Annales Universitatis
Scientiarium Budapestinensis de Rolando Eoetvoes Nominatae. Sectio
Linguistica 18:191-210.
Roy, John D. 1987. "The linguistic and sociolinguistic position of
black English and the issue of bidialectalism in education", in Peter
Homel, Michael Paliji, & Doris Aaronson, eds. Childhood Bilingualism:
Aspects of Linguistic, Cognitive, and Social Development. Hillsdale,
NJ: Erlbaum, 231-242.
Rudin, Ronald. 1988. "English-speaking Qu bec and the Canadian
constitution", LVC 1:215-224.
Rudnyckyj, J.B. 1983. Multiculturalism and Multilingualism in
Canada. Ottawa: Ukrainian Language Association.
Rudnyckyj, J.B. 1990. Multilingual Canada. Ottawa & Montreal.
Ruiz, Richard. 1985. "La crise de l'anglais aux tats-Unis", in
Jacques Maurais, ed. La Crise des Langues. Qu bec: Gouvernement du
Qu bec, Conseil de la langue francaise, 147-188.
Ruiz, Richard. 1988. "Bilingualism and bilingual education in the
United States", in Christina Bratt Paulston, ed., International
Handbook of Bilingual Education. New York, NY: Greenwood Press,
Sachdev, Itesh, et al. 1987. "Language attitudes and vitality
perceptions: intergenerational effects among Chinese Canadian
communities", JLSP 6:287-307.
Sagarin, Edward & Robert J. Kelly. 1985. "Polylingualism in the
United States of America: a multitude of tongues amid a monolingual
majority", in William R. Beer, & James E. Jacob, eds., Language
Policy and National Unity. Totowa, NJ: Rowman & Allanheld, 20-44.
Sahlmann-Karlsson, Siiri. 1986. "Nagra iakttagelser roerande
amerikafinnarnas finska och engelska", Finno-Ugrica Suedana
8:101-122. [Engl. summary: observations concerning the Fi. and Engl.
spoken by Am. Finns xx: pruefen!]
Salmons, Joe. 1988. "On the social function of some southern Indiana
German-American dialect stories", Humor 1: 159-175. [Indiana; On bois
County; role of language attitudes, bilingualism in humor]
S nchez, Francisca. 1986. "Of reduction in black English: a
quantitative study", in Sankoff, ed. 59-72.
Sanchez, Rosaura. 1983. Chicano Discourse: Sociohistoric
Perspective. Rowley, MA: Newbury House.
Sankoff, David. 1988. "Sociolinguistics and syntactic variation", in
Frederick J. Newmeyer, ed. Linguistics: The Cambridge Survey. Vol.IV:
Language: The Socio-Cultural Context. Cambridge: Cambridge UP,
Sankoff, David, ed. 1986. Diversity and Diachrony. Amsterdam:
San Miguel, Gudalupe. 1984. "Bitter struggles: Mexican Americans and
the revision of the Texas bilingual education bill in 1981", in John
A. Garc a, Theresa C rdova & Juan R. Garc a, eds. The Chicano
Struggle: Analyses of Past and Present Efforts. Binghamton, NY:
Bilingual Press, 111-130. [xx: fehlt eds.,?]
Santoyo, Julio-C sar. 1984. "Spanish loan-words in American English:
a testimony against some historical prejudice", in Tibor Frank, ed.,
The Origins and Orinalities of American Culture. Budapest: Akad miai
Kiad , 717-726.
Sato, Charlene J. 1989. "A non-standard approach to standard
English", TESOL Quarterly 23:259-82.
Sato, Charlene J. 1991. "Sociolinguistic variation and language
attitudes in Hawaii", in Cheshire, ed., 647-63.
Schneidemesser, Luanne von. 1983. "The Dictionary of American
Regional English and its use of computers: considerations for a
large-scale project", in Sarah K. Burton, & Douglas D. Short, eds.,
Sixth International Conference on Computers and the Humanities.
Rockville, MD: Computer Science, 619-623.
Schneidemesser, Luanne von. 1988. "The foundations of the Dictionary
of American Regional English", Lexicographica 4:34-59.
Schneider, Edgar W. 1985. "Regional variation in nineteenth century
Black English in the American South", in Jacek Fisiak, ed., Papers
from the 6th International Conference on Historical Linguistics.
Amsterdam, Poznan: Benjamins and Adam Mickiewicz University, 467-487.
Schneider, Edgar W. 1986. "`How to Speak Southern` - An American
English dialect stereotyped", Amerikastudien / American Studies
Schneider, Edgar W. 1987. "Dialect analysis and automatic
cartography by means of a microcomputer", Literary and Linguistic
Computing 2:80-85.
Schneider, Edgar W. 1988. "Qualitative vs. quantitative methods of
area delimitation in dialectology: a comparison based on lexical data
from Georgia and Alabama", JEngL 21:175-212.
Schneider, Edgar W. 1989. American Earlier Black English.
Morphological and Syntactic Variables. Tuscaloosa, AL: The University
of Alabama Press.
Schneider, Edgar W. 1990. "Strategien des Computereinsatzes in der
nordamerikanischen Dialektologie am Ende der achtziger Jahre", ZDL
Schneider, Edgar W. fc. "Appalachian mountain vocabulary: Its
character, sources, and distinctiveness", in Wolfgang Viereck, ed.
Proceedings of the International Congress of Dialectologists, Bamberg
1990. Wiesbaden: Steiner.
Schneider, Edgar W. fc. "The Chattahoochee River - a dialect
boundary?" in Michael Montgomery, ed., Festschrift for Lee Pederson.
Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.
Schneider, Edgar W. fc. "Black-white language contact through the
centuries: Diachronic aspects of linguistic convergence or divergence
in the USA", in Jacek Fisiak, ed., Language Contact and Linguistic
Change. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Schneider, Edgar W. and William A. Kretzschmar, Jr. 1990. "LAMSAS
goes SASsy: Statistical Methods and Linguistic Atlas Data", in
Kretzschmar, Schneider and Johnson, eds., 129-141.
Schneider, Edgar W. and Wolfgang Viereck, 1984. "The use of the
computer in American, Canadian and British English dialectology and
sociolinguistics", in Hans Goebl, ed., Dialectology. Bochum:
Brockmeyer, 15-60.
Schoeck, Richard J. 1982-83. "The Canadian experiment: bilingualism
and biculturalism in Canada, 1982", Council of National
Literature/World Report 6:8-13.
Schrock, E.F. 1986. "Some features of the be verb in the speech of
blacks of Pope County, Arkansas", in Montgomery & Bailey, eds.,
Scott, Jerrie Cob. 1985. "The King case: implications for
educators", in Charlotte Brooks, et al., eds. Tapping Potential:
English and Language Arts for the Black Learner. Urbana, IL: Black
Caucus of National Council of Teachers of English, 63-71.
Scott, Jerrie. 1986. "Mixed dialects in the composition classroom",
in Montgomery & Bailey, eds., 333-347.
Sebastian, Richard J., & Ellen Bouchard Ryan. 1985. "Speech cues and
social evaluation: Markers of ethnicity, social class, and age", in
Howard Giles & Robert N. St. Clair, eds., Recent Advances in
Language, Communication, and Social Psychology. Hillsdale, N.J.:
Lawrence Erlbaum, 112-143. [xx2: who? where?]
Shannon, Sheila M. 1987. "English in el Barrio: a sociolinguistic
study of second language contact", Ph.D., Stanford University. DAI
Shapson, Stanley & Vincent D'Oyley, eds. 1984. Bilingual and
Multicultural Education: Canadian perspectives. Avon, England:
Multilingual Matters. [hauptsaechlich ueber Franz. xx: relevant?]
Shields, Kenneth, Jr. 1985. "Germanisms in Pennsylvannia English: an
update", AS 60:228-237.
Shields, Kenneth. 1987. "Germanisms in the English of Eastern
Pennsylvannia", JEngL 20:163-180.
Shields, Kenneth. 1989. "A note on the greasy/greazy isogloss in
east-central Pennsylvania", AS 64:280-284.
Shilling, Alison Watt. 1984. Black English as a Creole: Some
Bahamian Evidence. St. Augustine, Trinidad: School of Education,
University of West Indies.
Shockey, Linda. 1984. "All in my flap: long-term accommodation in
phonology", IJSL 46:87-95. [AE; flapping of dental consonants; role
of intelligibility in phonological accommodation of speakers of
British English]
Shores, David L. 1984. "The stressed vowels of the speech of Tangier
Island, Virginia", JEngL 17:37-56.
Shores, David L. 1985. "Vowels before /l/ and /r/ in Tangier
dialect", JEngL 18:124-126.
Shores, David L. 1986. "Porchmouth for Portsmouth", AS 61:
Simpson, David. 1986. The Politics of American English, 1776-1850.
Oxford: Oxford UP.
Sindek, Margaret. 1988. "A study of some factors affecting the
sequence and rate acquisition of ESL by adult refugees in Western
Pennsylvania", PSCL 22:203-225.
Singler, John Victor. 1991. "Liberian Settler English and the
ex-slave recordings: a comparative study", in Bailey, Maynor &
Cukor-Avila, eds., 249-274.
Singler, John Victor. 1991. "Copula variation in Liberian Settler
English and American Black English", in Edwards & Winford, eds.,
Sledd, James. 1986. "Permanence and change in standard American
English: the making of `literacy crises`", in Gerhard Nickel & James
C. Stalker, eds., Problems of Standardization and Linguistic
Variation in Present-Day English. Heidelberg: Groos, 59-70.
Sledge, Mailande Cheney. 1986. "The representation of the Gullah
dialect in Francis Griswold's A Sea Island Lady", Ph.D. University of
Alabama. DAI 46(7):1917A.
Sledge, Maylande Cheney. 1988, "The verisimilitude of the Gullah
dialect in Francis Griswold's A Sea Island Lady", in Thomas, ed.,
Smitherman, Geneva. 1984. "Black language as power", in Ch.
Kramarae, M. Schulz & William M. O'Bars, eds., Language and Power.
Beverly Hills: Sage, 101-115.
Smitherman, Geneva. 1985. "What go round come round: King in
perspective", in Charlotte Brooks, et al., eds. Tapping Potential:
English and Language Arts for the Black Learner. Urbana, IL: Black
Caucus of National Council of Teachers of English, 41-62.
Smitherman, Geneva. 1991. "`What is Africa to me?`: Language,
ideology, and African American", AS 66:115-132.
Smitherman-Donaldson, Geneva. 1988. "Discriminatory discourse on
Afro-American speech", in Geneva Smitherman-Donaldson & Teun A. van
Dijk, eds. Discourse and Discrimination. Detroit: Wayne Strate UP,
Sommer, Elisabeth. 1986. "Variation in southern urban English", in
Montgomery & Bailey, eds., 180-201.
Southard, Bruce. 1983. "The Linguistic Atlas of Oklahoma and
computer carthography", JEngL 16:65-77.
Spears, Arthur. 1988. "Black American English", in Johnnetta B.
Cole, ed., Anthropology for the Nineties. New York: Free, 96-113.
Stadler, Beatrice. 1983. Language Maintenance and Assimilation: The
Case of Selected German-Speaking Immigrants in Vancouver, Canada.
Vancouver: Canadian Association of University Teachers of German.
Stanback, Marsha Houston. 1985. "Language and black woman's place:
evidence from the black middle class", in Paula A Treichler, Ch.
Kramarae, & Beth Stafford, eds., For Alma Mater: Theory and Practice
in Feminist Scholarship. Urbana: University of Illinois Press,
Starks Judith A. 1983. "The black English controversy and its
implications for addressing the educational needs of black children:
the cultural linguistic approach", in Chambers, ed., 97-132.
Stein, Roberta. 1990. "Closing the `achievement gap` of Mexican
Americans: a question of language, learning style, or economics?",
JMMD 11:405-419.
Steinmetz, Sol. 1986. Yiddish and English: A Century of Yiddish in
America. University, AL: Univ. of Alabama Press.[on Jewish English]
Stewart, William A. 1987. "Coping or groping? Psycholinguistic
problems in the acquisition of receptive and productive competence
across dialects", in Peter Homel, Michael Palij, & Doris Aaronson,
eds., Childhood Bilingualism: Aspects of Linguistic, Cognitive, and
Social Development. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 281-298.
Stewart, William A. 1989. "Structural mimicry in decreolization and
its effect on pseudocomprehension", in Garcia & Othegny, eds.,
263-280. [Black Engl.; syntax + phonology; decreolization; mimicry
comp. to Gullah.]
Stewart, William A. 1989. "Whence the nominal dual in Gullah?", CUNY
Forum 14:211-218.2
Stockman, Ida J. & Fay Vaughn-Cooke. 1989. "Addressing new questions
about black children's language", in Fasold & Schiffrin, eds.,
Story, G.M. 1986. "The role of the dictionary in Canadian English",
in Lougheed, ed., 41-53.
Story, G.M., and William J. Kirwin, 1987. Linguistic Atlas of
Newfoundland Dialect Questionnaire. 2nd ed. St. John`s: Memorial
University of Newfoundland.
Story, G.M., et al., eds. 1983, 2nd ed. with supplement 1990.
Dictionary of Newfoundland English. Toronto: UP.
Summer, E. 1986. "Variation in Southern urban English", in
Montgomery & Bailey, eds., 180-201.
Surs, Zlili. 1981. "Lexical features of American dialects", Waiguoyu
6(16): 9-14. [In Chin,; Am. Engl.]
Tabbert, Russell. 1984. "Terms for "not Alaska" in Alaskan English",
AS 59:256-258.
Tabbert, Russell. 1985. "The term native in Alaskan English", AS
Tabbert, Russell. 1985. "Visqueen in Alaskan English", AS 59:379.
Tabbert, Russell. 1985. "Berm in Alaska English", AS 60:93-94.
Tabbert, Russell. 1985. "Wanigan and Leanto in Alaskan English", AS
Tabbert, Russell. 1991. Dictionary of Alaskan English. Juneau, AK:
The Denali Press.
Tay, Mary J.W. 1986. "Theoretical models for the study of new
varieties of English", LACUS 13:115-124. [xx: AmE?]
Taylor, Hanni Ulrike. 1986. "Dialectism in a small literal arts
college", Ph.D., Northern Illinois University. DAI 47(6):2147A.
[Black English; relationship to teaching of standard English]
Taylor, Orlando L. 1983. "Black English: an agenda for the 1980's",
in Chambers, ed., 133-143.
Taylor, Orlando L. 1985. "Standard English as a second dialect", ET
Thees, Petra. 1991. "Zur Widerspiegelung der Besiedelungsgeschichte
Kanadas in der Lexik des kanadischen Englisch", in Klaus Hansen, ed.,
Studien zur Sprachvariation im Englischen und zur Textlinguistik
(unter besonderer Beruecksichtigung der Lexik). Berlin:
Humboldt-Universitaet, 86-94.
Thomas, Alan R., ed. 1988. Methods in Dialectology: Proceedings of
the Sixth International Conference Held at the University College of
North Wales, 3rd-7th August 1987. Clevedon, Philadelphia:
Multilingual Matters.
Thomas, Erik R. 1989. "The implications of /o/ fronting in
Wilmington, North Carolina", AS 64:327-333.
Thompson, Roger M. 1985. "Revisiting a dialect: validating the
checklist", SECOLR 9:170-184. [Florida]
Tokuma, Shin'ichi. 1989. "Syllabic nasals in American English: a
study by experimental phonetics", Sophia Linguistica (Tokyo) 27:
Toohey, Kelleen. 1985. "Domain analysis and second language
instruction in Northern Ontario native communities", CMLR 41:652-688.
Tottie, Gunnel & Gerd Oevergaard. 1984. "The author's would: a
feature of American English", Studia Linguistica 38:148-164.
Tousignant, Claude. 1987. "Relations sociales entre le /r/ v laire
et le /r/ r troflexe anglais de Montr al", Revue Qu b coise de
Linguistique Th oretique et Appliqu e 6:39-55.
Troike, Rudolph C. 1983. "The Texas dialect survey: responses from
Austin, Texas", Southwest Journal of Linguistics 6:145-154.
Troike, Rudolph C. 1986. "McDavid's law", JEngL 19:177-205.
Troutman-Robinson, Denise Eloise. 1987. "Oral and written discourse:
a study of feature transfer", Ph.D., Michigan State University. DAI
48(3):641A. [Black English]
Trudgill, Peter. 1985. "New-dialect formation and the analysis of
colonial dialects: the case of Canadian Raising", in Warkentyne, ed.,
Trudgill, Peter. 1986. Dialects in Contact. Oxford: Blackwell.
[incl. much on Canada]
Tucker, G. Richard. 1984. "Toward the development of a
language-competent American society", IJSL 45:153-160.
Ture, Sue. 1984-85. "Milwaukee medical maledicta", Maledicta
8:117-118. [lg. of hospital workers]
Turner, Darwin T. 1985. "Black students, language, and classroom
teachers", in Charlotte Brooks, et. al., eds., Tapping Potential:
English and Language Arts for the Black Learner. Urbana, IL: Black
Caucus of National Council of Teachers of English, 30-40.
Underwood, Gary N. 1983. "Mid-south English, midwestern teachers,
and middle-of-the-road textbooks", in Chambers, ed., 81-96.
Underwood, Gary Neal. 1988. "Accent and identity", in Thomas, ed.,
406-427. [Texas]
Urcinoli, Bonnie. 1985. "Bilingualism as code and bilingualism as
practice", Anthropological Linguistics 27:363-386. [NYC, Puerto Rican
code switching; Black English].
Vance, Timothy J. 1987. "`Canadian raising` in some dialects of the
northern United States", AS 62:195-210.
Van Halsema, Tess. 1983. "Language observation by long distance", in
Edmundson, Jerold A., ed. Research papers of the Texas SIL: Pilot
Studies in Sociolinguistics: Variation, Use and Attitudes. Dallas:
Summer Institute of Linguistics, 58-71. [AE; monophthongization of
diphthongs; areal approach]
Vaughn-Cooke, F.B. 1986. "Lexical diffusion: evidence from a
decreolizing variety of Black English", in Montgomery & Bailey, eds.,
Veltman, Calvin. 1983. "Anglicization in the United States: language
enviroment and language practice of American adolescents", IJSL
Veltman, Calvin. 1983. Language Shift in the United States. Berlin:
Verma, Shivendra K. 1986. "What is American about American
English?", Internationa Journal of Dravidian Linguistics 15:278-289.
Viereck, Wolfgang. 1985. "On the origin and developments of American
English", in Jacek Fisiak, ed. Papers from the 6th International
Conference on Historical Linguistics. Amsterdam, Poznan: Benjamins
and Adam Mickiewicz University: 561-569.[AE; BEV; Gullah]
Viereck, Wolfgang. 1986. "On colonial American English: a research
proposal", in Winfried Herget & Karl Ortseifen, eds., The Transit of
Civilization from Europe to America. Tuebingen: Narr, 75-85.
Viereck, Wolfgang. 1988. "Invariant be in an unnoticed source of
American early Black English", AS 63:291-303.
Viereck, Wolfgang. 1988. "Notes on black and red American English",
in Carolina Duncan-Rose & Theo Vennemann, eds. On Language:
Rhetorica, Phonologica, Syntactica: a Festschrift for Robert P.
Stockwell from his Friends and Colleagues. London: Routledge,
Viereck, Wolfgang. 1989. "A linguistic analysis of recordings of
`early` American Black English", in Udo Fries & Martin Neusses, eds.
Meaning and Beyond. Ernst Leisi zum 70. Geburtstag. Tuebingen: Narr,
179-196. [xx: voller Titel?]
Viereck, Wolfgang. 1984. "Der Einsatz des Computers in der
amerikanisch-englischen und britisch-englischen Dialektologie und
Soziolinguistik", ZDL 51:6-30.
Wade-Lewis, Margaret. 1989. "The African substratum in American
English", Ph.D. New York University. DAI 49(10):3016A.
Waddell, Eric. 1986. "Les anglophones du Qu bec: une nouvelle
minorit ethnique?" in S minaires 1985. Talence: Centre de recherches
sur l'Am r. Anglophone, Maison des Sciences de l'Homme d'Aquitaine,
Wakelin, Martyn. 1986. "English on the Mayflower", ET 8:30-33.
Wald, Benji. 1984. "The Status of Chicano English as a dialect of
American English", in Ornstein-Galicia, ed., 14-31.
Wald, Benji. 1985. "Motivation for language choice behavior of
elementary Mexican American children", in Eugene E. Garcia & Ray
Padilla, eds. Advances in Bilingual Education Research. Tucson:
University of Arizona Press, 71-95.
Wald, Benji. 1987. "Spanish-English grammatical contact in Los
Angeles: the grammar of reported speech in the East Los Angeles
English contact vernacular", Linguistics 25:53-80.
Ward, James Wesley. 1990. "Judges` attitudes toward Standard English
and black English in the State of Texas", Ph.D. Wayne State
University.DAI 50(7):1850A.
Wardhaugh, Ronald. 1983. Language and Nationhood: The Canadian
Experience. Vancouver: New Star Books.
Warkentyne. H.J. 1983. "Attitudes and language behaviour", CJL
28:71-76. [relationship to linguistic variation; study example:
Canadian English dialect compared to American English dialect;
British English dialect]
Warkentyne. H.J. 1985. "On the position of Canadian English", in
Reginald Berry & James Acheson, eds., Regionalism and National
Identity: Multi-Disciplinary Essays on Canada, Australia, and New
Zealand. Christchurch, N.Z.: Association for Canadian Studies in
Australia and New Zealand, 177-88.
Warkentyne. H.J., ed. 1985. Methods. M thodes V. Papers from the
Fifth International Conference on Methods in Dialectology. Victoria,
British Columbia: University of Victoria.
Washington, Trudy Lynne. 1986. "An investigation of teachers'
attitudes toward nonstandard and black language as related to
language program participation", Ph.D. United States International
University. DAI 47(3): 1332B.
Welleford, David. 1988. "A pin is not a pen; is a pan? Is southern
pronunciation incorrect?", The English Journal 77(6):25-28.
Wescott, Roger W. 1987. "Zazzification in American slang", Word Ways
20:216-217. [relationship to consonants]
White, Grover Gene. 1986. "Black dialect in student writing: a
correlation analysis of reading achievement, syntactic maturity,
intelligence, grade level, and sex", Auburn University. DAI
Wild, Joy, Carole Nakonechny, Bernard, Saint-Jacques. 1983.
"Sociolinguistic aspects of Native Indian speech", Sociolinguistic
Newsletter 14:6-8. [Canada]
Williams, Jeffrey R. 1988. "The development of aspectual markers in
Anglo-Caribbean English", JPCL 3:245-263.
Willinsky, John. 1988. The Well-Tempered Tongue: The Politics of
Standard English in the High School. New York & London: Teachers
College Press.
Willmorth, Michael John. 1988. "The representation of American
dialects in prime time network television dramatic programs", Ph.D.,
University of Pennsylvania.
Winford, Donald. 1988. "The creole continuum and the notion of the
community as locus of language", IJSL 71:95-105. [Black English
Philadelphia; compared to Trinidadian creole]
Winford, Donald. 1992. "Another look at the copula in Black English
and Caribbean creoles", AS 67:21-60.
Winter, Kate H. 1985. "North Country voices", in Bergmann, Frank,
ed., Upstate Literature Essays in Memory of Thomas F. O' Dannell.
Syracuse: Syracuse UP, 143-164. [upstate NY; xx: on language?]
Woelck, Wolfgang. 1984. "Sounds of a city: types and characteristics
of the speech of Buffalo and its ethnic groups", New York Folklore
de Wolf, Gaelan Dodds. 1983. "A comparison of phonetically- ordered
phonological variables in two major Canadian urban surveys", IPAJ
de Wolf, Gaelan Dodds. 1985. "Methods in statistical analyses of
compatible data from two major Canadian urban sociolinguistic
surveys", in Warkentyne, ed., 191-200.
de Wolf, Gaelan Dodds. 1986. "Word choice in two Canadian urban
surveys", in B. Hesser, et al., eds., Working Papers of the
Linguistics Circle of the University of Victoria, 5:45-50.
de Wolf, Gaelan Dodds. 1988. "On phonological variability in
Canadian English in Ottawa and Vancouver", IPAJ 18:110-124.
de Wolf, Gaelan Dodds. 1988. "A study of selected social and
regional factors in Canadian English: A comparison of phonological
variables and grammatical items in Ottawa and Vancouver", Ph.D.,
University of Victoria. DAI 49(9):2639A. (Summary in EWW 9:295-7).
de Wolf, Gaelan Dodds. 1989. "Analytical methods in a Labovian
framework: a mainframe comparison of Canadian urban sociodialect
data", in Kretzschmar, Schneider & Johnson, eds., 119-128.
de Wolf, Gaelan Dodds. 1990a. "Patterns of usage in urban Canadian
English", EWW 11:1-31.[Ottawa, Vancouver]
de Wolf, Gaelan Dodds. 1990b. "Social and regional differences in
grammatical usage in Canadian English: Ottawa and Vancouver", AS
de Wolf, Gaelan Dodds & Hasebe-Ludt, Erika. 1988. "Canadian urban
survey methodology: a summary of research techniques and results", in
Thomas, ed., 55-66.
Wolfram, Walt. 1984. "Is there an `Appalachian English`?",
Appalachian Journal 11:215-224.
Wolfram, Walt. 1984. "Unmarked tense in American Indian English", AS
Wolfram Walt. 1985. "Variability in tense marking? A case for the
obvious", Language Learning 35:229-253. [xx2: Native AmE?]
Wolfram, Walt. 1986. "Black-white dimensions in sociolinguistic text
[recte: test] bias", in Montgomery & Bailey, eds., 373-385.
Wolfram, Walt. 1986. "Language variation in the United States", in
Orlando L. Taylor, ed. Nature of Communication Disorders in
Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Populations. San Diego:
College-Hill, 73-156.
Wolfram, Walt. 1986. "Walt Wolfram replies", AS 61:329-331. [Native
Wolfram, Walt. 1988. "Reconsidering the semantics of a-prefixing",
AS 63:247-253. [AppE]
Wolfram, Walt. 1990. "Re-examining vernacular black English",
Language 66:121-133.
Wolfram, Walt, and Deborah Hatfiled. 1984. "Tense marking in
Interlanguage: The Case of Vietnamese English." Final Report, NIE
project no. NIE-G-83.0035.
Wolfram, Walt, and Deborah Hatfiled. 1986. "Interlanguage fads and
linguistic reality: the case of tense unmarking", GURT.[xx2: full
ref: vol, pp.? Vietnamese / Native AmE?]
Woods, Howard B. 1986. "Variation in English as a second language in
Canada", in Lougheed, ed., 139-51.
Woods, Howard B. 1987. The Ottawa Survey of Canadian English.
Montreal, Quebec: Marcel Didier.
Woods, Howard B. 1991. "Social differentiation in Ottawa English",
in Cheshire, ed., 134-49.
Woods, Ronald C. 1983. "Law, ideology and social perception: the
King decision and other language-related litigation", in Chambers,
ed., 56-70. [role of black English dialect in education; relationship
to law]
Wright, Barbara Helen White. 1985. "Hypercorrections and dialect
forms in the compositions of native born college students from
Georgia", Ph.D., City University of New York. DAI 46(11) 1986:3340A.
Wright, Sandra. 1984. "A description of the variance between the
oral and written language patterns of a group of black college
students", Ph.D., Wayne State University. DAI 46(5) 1985:1267A.
Yan, Weiming. 1984. "American history and American language",
Waiguoyu 1(29): 24-29. [In Chin.]
Youmans, Gilbert. 1986. "Any more on anymore?: evidence from a
Missouri dialect survey", AS 61:61-75.
Zeigle, Mary Elizabeth Brown. 1984. "The lexicon of Richard Malcom
Johnston's Middle Georgia dialect", Ph.D. University of Georgia. DAI
44(11): 3375A.
Zentella, Ana C. 1987. "Language and female identity in the Puerto
Rican community", in Joyce Penfield, ed. Women and Language in
Transition. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 167-179.
Zentella, Ana Celia. 1990. "Integrating qualitative and quantitative
methods in the study of bilingual code-switching", in Edward H.
Bendix, ed. The Uses of Linguistics. New York: New York Academy of
Sciences, 75-92.
Zuo, Biao. 1987. "Fragmentary observations on black English",
Waiguoyu 4(50):42-44 [in Chin.]

Date: Thu, 3 Dec 1992 12:20:00 EDT
From: "Bethany Dumas, UTK"
Subject: ESchneider's biblio

If the biblio is available electronically, may I have a copy please?
Thanks, Bethany Dumas = dumasb[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]utkvx.bitnet

Date: Thu, 3 Dec 1992 13:52:04 CST
From: Dennis Baron
Subject: Lakoff's address


I don't have it but you could try querying LSA at

zzlsa[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]gallua.bitnet

Dennis Baron (\ debaron[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]
Dept. of English \'\ office: 217-333-2392
University of Illinois \'\ ________ fax: 217-333-4321
608 S. Wright St / '| ()_______)
Urbana IL 61801 \ '/ \~~~~~~ \
\ \~~~~~~ \
==). \_______\
(__) ()_______)

Date: Thu, 3 Dec 1992 12:40:00 EDT
From: "Bethany Dumas, UTK"
Subject: Need Robin Lakoff's e-mail address

Can someone please give me Robin Lakoff's e-mail address? Thanks.
Bethany Dumas = dumasb[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]utkvx.bitnet
Date: Fri, 4 Dec 1992 09:24:26 MST
From: Michael

Thanks for the bib, that's great. It will save me a lot of time. I found the d
iscourse stuff for Georgetown. The deadline for abstracts is January 15th, the
same date is also the deadline for the conference of the International Linguist
iic Association held in New York in April (topic:history of linguistics). I gue
ss I'll try to wip something up for at least one of them. Also, do you want th
e John paper back? I finally got around to xeroxing (isn't morphology wonderful
?) it. Finally, but not least important, what about them tamalers (How do you
like that for a pronunciation?). Cheers, Michael

Date: Fri, 4 Dec 1992 09:46:37 -0800
From: "Thomas L. Clark"
Subject: Re: Biblio Ame

MICHAEL, Glad you enjoyed the bibliography, but I didn't send it.
January 15 is also the deadline for calls for papers for the Dictionary
Society of North America meeting. Why not wip up something for that?
Tommy ;)
Date: Tue, 8 Dec 1992 11:32:59 EST
From: Sheila
Subject: Re: survey

I think we have just had a demonstration that one cannot reply to that question
naire using REPLY, not unless one wants it to be distributed to everyone on the
ADS list! Most systems will certainly treat REPLY as a request to send a messag
e to the most recent sender of a message, not to an earlier sender of a message
. So the replies are all going to come to ADS-L, unless we all take note NOW th
at the instruction to use REPLY was wrong. On most systems, you will have to us
e FORWARD and then type in PROHVK21[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]TREARN to send your reply to Handan Kilicas
lan rather than to all of us...
York University, Toronto

Date: Tue, 8 Dec 1992 12:07:15 CST
From: Natalie Maynor
Subject: Re: survey

>I think we have just had a demonstration that one cannot reply to that question
>naire using REPLY, not unless one wants it to be distributed to everyone on the
>ADS list! Most systems will certainly treat REPLY as a request to send a messag

Listserv lists can be set for the replies to go to the list (in most cases --
there are some exceptions that we probably don't need to go into) or to the
person who posted the message. The setting is indicated in the "Reply To"
line in the headers and in the list of settings you see if you send the
'review' command. ADS-L is set for replies to go to the list since that
usually makes for better discussion (IMHO).
--Natalie (maynor[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]

Date: Tue, 8 Dec 1992 22:03:12 CST
From: greg pulliam
Subject: survey replies

Actually, here at MU it's possible to use the reply mode to return such a
survey, or to forward any sort of text. What we can do is hit "reply" and
when we get the window for entering the text of the message, we take the
cursor up to the address and change whatever is in the "reply to:" slot
to the address we wish to send it to. I've done this several times and
it does save time. Maybe it's possible on other systems as well.

g pulliam
Date: Wed, 9 Dec 1992 06:06:20 CST
From: Natalie Maynor
Subject: Re: survey replies

> Actually, here at MU it's possible to use the reply mode to return such a
> survey, or to forward any sort of text. What we can do is hit "reply" and
> when we get the window for entering the text of the message, we take the
> cursor up to the address and change whatever is in the "reply to:" slot
> to the address we wish to send it to. I've done this several times and
> it does save time. Maybe it's possible on other systems as well.

Most systems have a way to change headers. If you're using Unix, you can
enter 'r' to reply and then '~h' to change the "to" line. When I said
yesterday that ADS-L was set for the reply to go to the list, I was talking
about a simple reply without any kind of editing.
--Natalie (maynor[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]

Date: Wed, 9 Dec 1992 08:48:42 EST
From: Sheila
Subject: Re: survey replies

Please let's not get into another lengthy "HOW TO" with e-mail! I was only tryi
ng to point out that for MOST people they cannot simply use REPLY, as the sende
r of the questionnaire stated. Those that are sophisticated enough to know how
to change headers and so on will already realize that the sender of the questi
onnaire sent us over-simple instructions. Those that are not sophisticated enou
gh would have been sending their replies to all of us -- and that was all I was
trying to prevent. (I would also point out, as an aside, that there are many s
ystems which do not allow changes in headers, and I happen to be using one of t
hem right now!).
Sheila Embleton (embleton[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]
York University, Toronto

Date: Wed, 9 Dec 1992 12:27:00 CDT
From: Beth Lee Simon
Subject: lexical question

is anyone familiar with "la quaine" or "the quaine" or "some quaine"? if
so, what do you mean by it? if you respond, please give a signature of
some sort. thanks very much. beth simon at DARE
Date: Thu, 10 Dec 1992 15:37:00 CDT
From: Beth Lee Simon
Subject: games

has anyone played quaker (prayer) meeting? how about quaker courting?
thanks, beth simone at DARE blsimon[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]
Date: Fri, 11 Dec 1992 08:42:33 DNT
From: Helge
Subject: Re: survey replies
Status: R


Date: Fri, 11 Dec 1992 11:33:00 CST
Subject: LAVIS abstracts

Notification letters went out on December 7 in response to abstracts for
the Auburn University Conference on Language Variety in the South (LAVIS),
to be held April 1-3, 1993. If you sent an abstract by e-mail and have
not received a response, it may mean that your abstract never arrived.
Please address any inquiries to LAVIS[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]AUDUCVAX (BITNET) or
--Cynthia Bernstein
Date: Wed, 16 Dec 1992 15:13:00 CDT
From: Beth Lee Simon
Subject: lexical items

does anyone have a kromer? ever wear one? seen one?

has anyone had or given a quaker nickel? quaker fip?

ever eat quarter lunch?

if you respond, please sign you name. thanks, beth simon at DARE
Date: Fri, 18 Dec 1992 19:11:01 CST
From: Natalie Maynor
Subject: NEH Summer Seminars

A list of the 1993 NEH Summer Seminars for College Teachers (U.S.) is
available via anonymous ftp from or in
docs/words-l/Misc with filename neh.seminars. (Note that is the letter l,
not the number 1, in the subdirectory words-l.) If you decide to apply for
one of the seminars, please tell NEH that you got the information on internet.
--Natalie (maynor[AT SYMBOL GOES HERE]