End of ADS-L Digest - 7 Apr 1995 to 8 Apr 1995 ********************************************** There are 8 messages totalling 205 lines in this issue. Topics of the day: 1. needs washing 2. Joking Names for Airlines 3. Pigs in Blankets (was Re: needs + present participle) (3) 4. Southern Shuft (2) 5. needs+past participle ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Date: Sun, 9 Apr 1995 15:41:00 +1300 From: "George Halliday (09)483-9039" Subject: needs washing Needs washing is cited by Trudgill in International English as the English English equivalent of needs washed. It is the form my "needs washed" is most often corrected to in New Zealand which has a Southern English type dialect. The sentences in my early posting were Scots forms - probably used throughout Scotland but specifically based on West Central Scots. There is an interesting paper by Trudgill somewhere that explored the rejection of various construtions in various dialects by other English speakers who made comments such as "this construction couldn't exist in any form of English". Among them I recall the positive anymore use recently discussed. George Halliday