Date: Tue, 4 Apr 1995 08:47:53 -0500 From: wachal robert s Subject: need + past participle This originates, I believe, in pennsylvania and is confined to midland speech and perhaps to south midland since it is not heard in the southern half of Iowa (north midland). Someone who is better versed in regional dialectology than I can probably give a definitive answer. Am surprised that none such have appeared as yet. Bob Wachal