Date: Tue, 14 Apr 1998 13:34:26 -0400
From: Alan Baragona
Subject: Re: modern use of "gruntled"

At 10:08 AM 4/14/98 -0700, A. Vine wrote:
>From the Word du jour email dl:
>gruntled (GRUN-tl'd) (adj.)
> -Definitions(s): 1. pleased; satisfied; contented (the opposite of
> *disgruntled*)
>Can anyone confirm P.G. Wodehouse as the origin of the modern use of this

OED2 online gives the Wodehouse as the earliest citation, and not another
one until the 1960's. Here's the entry:

gruntled grA.nt'ld, ppl. a. [Back-formation f. disgruntled a.] Pleased,
satisfied, contented.

1938 Wodehouse Code of Woosters i. 9 He spoke with a certain
what-is-it in his voice, and I could see that, if not actually
disgruntled, he was far from being gruntled.

1962 C. Rohan Delinquents 76 Come on, Brownie darling, be

1966 New Statesman 11 Nov. 693/2 An action against a barrister
for negligence..would open the door to every disgruntled client.
Now gruntled clients are rare in the criminal courts.

1967 E. McGirr Hearse with Horses i. 17 The Agency has a nice
file of gruntled exes who have found their talents in a great variety
of jobs.

Alan B.