Date: Fri, 8 May 1998 19:44:21 +0200
From: David Sutcliffe
Subject: Re: Deletion of "to"; 'em

I asked about incidence of these features in US speech.

Thanks very much to Mike Salovesh for his reply: a masterly account of a
two, or three-way split between 'em, plural (them), 'em singular ("him)
and 'im (ditto) among white Chicageans. He also confirmed that "to"
deletion as in "I want you folks have..." etc (variant: "I want you
folks uh have...") were common patterns among Irish Americans in that

(I apologize for not copying the full version; for some reason I can't
do it with out extraneous Spanish words copying too)

My follow-up question is, assuming 'em singular is widespread (?), could
contributors give me a bit more feedback on distribution of "to"
deletion in other places: New York, California, not to mention Minnesota
( since that seems to be a dialect area people are sensitive to). For
what it's worth, my impression is that this feature is on the increase,
and somehow not much noticed.

David Sutcliffe
Universitat Pompeu Fabra
Rambla 30-32
08002 Barcelona