Date: Tue, 5 May 1998 15:51:51 -0400
From: Beverly Flanigan
Subject: Re: go with

We had an exchange on the list about this usage a couple of years ago, I
believe, and I (and others) said then that the expression is really a
two-part (or phrasal) verb, not a verb plus an object-less preposition.
Cf. run up (the flag), come along, sit down.... It's commonly used in
Minnesota (and as far east as Chicago?) and is 'normal' for me, though not
for my Indiana- and Ohio-bred son. I've speculated that it's derived from
Scandinavian and German influences on the immigrant English of that area
(cf. mit-kommen, a separable verb in German), though I have no proof of

An article in _American Speech_ of Summer '97 discusses this under the head
"Elliptical With" but in fact conflates elliptical prep. 'with' (as in
"coffee with" or "hamburger without") with what the author calls
"adverbial" 'with' and traces the latter to South African English <
Afrikaans (which would have Germanic separable verbs, I assume). This
muddies the waters unnecessarily and leads the author to conclude that both
uses now have a "low profile" but are still present in "the shadowy,
peripheral registers" of AmerEnglish. The references to the piece may lead
you somewhere (Preston is cited on the phrasal verb), but hopefully not to
this lumping together of jargon, register, and dialect!
Beverly Flanigan
Ohio out of Minnesota

At 02:02 PM 5/5/98 -0500, you wrote:
>I have a student interested in study the expression "go with" (without an
>object) as in, "I'm going to the store. Do you want to go with?"
>Does anyone know of studies on the subject? Would you use that expression
>Cynthia Bernstein
>English Dept., Auburn Univ., Auburn, AL 36849-5203
>phone: 334-844-9072
>fax: 334-844-9027